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Caffeine does not increase the risk of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.
Heart. 2013 Oct; 99(19):1383-9.H

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia, and risk factors are well established. Caffeine exposure has been associated with increased risk of AF, but heterogeneous data exist in the literature.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate the association between chronic exposure to caffeine and AF.

DESIGN

Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

DATA SOURCES

PubMed, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Knowledge and LILACS to December 2012. Reviews and references of retrieved articles were comprehensively searched.

STUDY SELECTION

Two reviewers independently searched for studies and retrieved their characteristics and data estimates.

DATA SYNTHESIS

Random-effects meta-analysis was performed, and pooled estimates were expressed as OR and 95% CI. Heterogeneity was assessed with the I(2) test. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to caffeine dose and source (coffee).

RESULTS

Seven observational studies evaluating 115 993 individuals were included: six cohorts and one case-control study. Caffeine exposure was not associated with an increased risk of AF (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.04, I(2)=72%). Pooled results from high-quality studies showed a 13% odds reduction in AF risk with lower heterogeneity (OR 0.87; 95% CI 0.80 to 0.94; I(2)=39%). Low-dose caffeine exposure showed OR 0.85 (95% CI 0.78 to 92, I(2)=0%) without significant differences in other dosage strata. Caffeine exposure based solely on coffee consumption also did not influence AF risk.

CONCLUSIONS

Caffeine exposure is not associated with increased AF risk. Low-dose caffeine may have a protective effect.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal. dgcaldeira@hotmail.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24009307

Citation

Caldeira, Daniel, et al. "Caffeine Does Not Increase the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies." Heart (British Cardiac Society), vol. 99, no. 19, 2013, pp. 1383-9.
Caldeira D, Martins C, Alves LB, et al. Caffeine does not increase the risk of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Heart. 2013;99(19):1383-9.
Caldeira, D., Martins, C., Alves, L. B., Pereira, H., Ferreira, J. J., & Costa, J. (2013). Caffeine does not increase the risk of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. Heart (British Cardiac Society), 99(19), 1383-9. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2013-303950
Caldeira D, et al. Caffeine Does Not Increase the Risk of Atrial Fibrillation: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies. Heart. 2013;99(19):1383-9. PubMed PMID: 24009307.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Caffeine does not increase the risk of atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. AU - Caldeira,Daniel, AU - Martins,Cristina, AU - Alves,Luís Brandão, AU - Pereira,Hélder, AU - Ferreira,Joaquim J, AU - Costa,João, PY - 2013/9/7/entrez PY - 2013/9/7/pubmed PY - 2013/10/29/medline SP - 1383 EP - 9 JF - Heart (British Cardiac Society) JO - Heart VL - 99 IS - 19 N2 - BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia, and risk factors are well established. Caffeine exposure has been associated with increased risk of AF, but heterogeneous data exist in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between chronic exposure to caffeine and AF. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CENTRAL, ISI Web of Knowledge and LILACS to December 2012. Reviews and references of retrieved articles were comprehensively searched. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently searched for studies and retrieved their characteristics and data estimates. DATA SYNTHESIS: Random-effects meta-analysis was performed, and pooled estimates were expressed as OR and 95% CI. Heterogeneity was assessed with the I(2) test. Subgroup analyses were conducted according to caffeine dose and source (coffee). RESULTS: Seven observational studies evaluating 115 993 individuals were included: six cohorts and one case-control study. Caffeine exposure was not associated with an increased risk of AF (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.82 to 1.04, I(2)=72%). Pooled results from high-quality studies showed a 13% odds reduction in AF risk with lower heterogeneity (OR 0.87; 95% CI 0.80 to 0.94; I(2)=39%). Low-dose caffeine exposure showed OR 0.85 (95% CI 0.78 to 92, I(2)=0%) without significant differences in other dosage strata. Caffeine exposure based solely on coffee consumption also did not influence AF risk. CONCLUSIONS: Caffeine exposure is not associated with increased AF risk. Low-dose caffeine may have a protective effect. SN - 1468-201X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24009307/Caffeine_does_not_increase_the_risk_of_atrial_fibrillation:_a_systematic_review_and_meta_analysis_of_observational_studies_ L2 - https://heart.bmj.com/lookup/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=24009307 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -