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Food consumption and nutritional and biochemical status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian children: the SEANUTS study.
Br J Nutr 2013; 110 Suppl 3:S11-20BJ

Abstract

Indonesia is currently facing the double burden of malnutrition. While undernutrition is still a major public health problem, the prevalence of overnutrition is increasing. The objective of the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) was to provide up-to-date data on nutritional status, food consumption and biochemical parameters related to nutrition for children aged 0·5-12 years. The SEANUTS study in Indonesia was conducted in a nationwide representative sample of 7·211 children using multistage cluster sampling based on probability proportional to size, stratified for geographical location, in forty-eight out of 440 districts/cities. The results show that the growth (weight for age, height for age, weight for height and BMI for age) of Indonesian pre-school- and school-aged children is below the WHO standards. The older the children, the more the deviation from the WHO standard curves. Underweight was more prevalent in rural areas (28·9 v. 19·2%) and overweight/obesity was observed to be more widespread in urban areas (5·6 v. 3·2%). The prevalence varied with age groups and sexes. The overall prevalence of stunting was 25·2 and 39·2% in urban and rural areas, respectively. The prevalence of anaemia was nearly 55% in children aged 0·5-1·9 years and ranged from 10·6 to 15·5% in children aged 2-12 years. Fe deficiency was observed in 4·1-8·8% of the children. The percentage of children with dietary intakes of energy, protein, and vitamins A and C below the Indonesian RDA was high and differed across urban and rural areas and age groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

SEANUTS Indonesian Team/Persatuan Ahli Gizi Indonesia, Jalan Hang Jebat III/F3, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24016762

Citation

Sandjaja, Sandjaja, et al. "Food Consumption and Nutritional and Biochemical Status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian Children: the SEANUTS Study." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 110 Suppl 3, 2013, pp. S11-20.
Sandjaja S, Budiman B, Harahap H, et al. Food consumption and nutritional and biochemical status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian children: the SEANUTS study. Br J Nutr. 2013;110 Suppl 3:S11-20.
Sandjaja, S., Budiman, B., Harahap, H., Ernawati, F., Soekatri, M., Widodo, Y., ... Khouw, I. (2013). Food consumption and nutritional and biochemical status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian children: the SEANUTS study. The British Journal of Nutrition, 110 Suppl 3, pp. S11-20. doi:10.1017/S0007114513002109.
Sandjaja S, et al. Food Consumption and Nutritional and Biochemical Status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian Children: the SEANUTS Study. Br J Nutr. 2013;110 Suppl 3:S11-20. PubMed PMID: 24016762.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food consumption and nutritional and biochemical status of 0·5-12-year-old Indonesian children: the SEANUTS study. AU - Sandjaja,Sandjaja, AU - Budiman,Basuki, AU - Harahap,Heryudarini, AU - Ernawati,Fitrah, AU - Soekatri,Moesijanti, AU - Widodo,Yekti, AU - Sumedi,Edith, AU - Rustan,Effendi, AU - Sofia,Gustina, AU - Syarief,Sainstiani N, AU - Khouw,Ilse, PY - 2013/9/11/entrez PY - 2013/9/18/pubmed PY - 2013/10/29/medline SP - S11 EP - 20 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 110 Suppl 3 N2 - Indonesia is currently facing the double burden of malnutrition. While undernutrition is still a major public health problem, the prevalence of overnutrition is increasing. The objective of the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS) was to provide up-to-date data on nutritional status, food consumption and biochemical parameters related to nutrition for children aged 0·5-12 years. The SEANUTS study in Indonesia was conducted in a nationwide representative sample of 7·211 children using multistage cluster sampling based on probability proportional to size, stratified for geographical location, in forty-eight out of 440 districts/cities. The results show that the growth (weight for age, height for age, weight for height and BMI for age) of Indonesian pre-school- and school-aged children is below the WHO standards. The older the children, the more the deviation from the WHO standard curves. Underweight was more prevalent in rural areas (28·9 v. 19·2%) and overweight/obesity was observed to be more widespread in urban areas (5·6 v. 3·2%). The prevalence varied with age groups and sexes. The overall prevalence of stunting was 25·2 and 39·2% in urban and rural areas, respectively. The prevalence of anaemia was nearly 55% in children aged 0·5-1·9 years and ranged from 10·6 to 15·5% in children aged 2-12 years. Fe deficiency was observed in 4·1-8·8% of the children. The percentage of children with dietary intakes of energy, protein, and vitamins A and C below the Indonesian RDA was high and differed across urban and rural areas and age groups. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24016762/Food_consumption_and_nutritional_and_biochemical_status_of_0·5_12_year_old_Indonesian_children:_the_SEANUTS_study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114513002109/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -