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Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years: findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia).
Br J Nutr 2013; 110 Suppl 3:S21-35BJ

Abstract

The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8%) and obesity (11·8%) was higher than that of thinness (5·4%) and stunting (8·4%). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6%), serum ferritin (4·4%) and vitamin A (4·4%), but almost half the children (47·5%) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutritional Sciences Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Healthcare Sciences, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24016764

Citation

Poh, Bee Koon, et al. "Nutritional Status and Dietary Intakes of Children Aged 6 Months to 12 Years: Findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia)." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 110 Suppl 3, 2013, pp. S21-35.
Poh BK, Ng BK, Siti Haslinda MD, et al. Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years: findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia). Br J Nutr. 2013;110 Suppl 3:S21-35.
Poh, B. K., Ng, B. K., Siti Haslinda, M. D., Nik Shanita, S., Wong, J. E., Budin, S. B., ... Norimah, A. K. (2013). Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years: findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia). The British Journal of Nutrition, 110 Suppl 3, pp. S21-35. doi:10.1017/S0007114513002092.
Poh BK, et al. Nutritional Status and Dietary Intakes of Children Aged 6 Months to 12 Years: Findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia). Br J Nutr. 2013;110 Suppl 3:S21-35. PubMed PMID: 24016764.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children aged 6 months to 12 years: findings of the Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children (SEANUTS Malaysia). AU - Poh,Bee Koon, AU - Ng,Boon Koon, AU - Siti Haslinda,Mohd Din, AU - Nik Shanita,Safii, AU - Wong,Jyh Eiin, AU - Budin,Siti Balkis, AU - Ruzita,Abd Talib, AU - Ng,Lai Oon, AU - Khouw,Ilse, AU - Norimah,A Karim, PY - 2013/9/11/entrez PY - 2013/9/18/pubmed PY - 2013/10/29/medline SP - S21 EP - 35 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 110 Suppl 3 N2 - The dual burden of malnutrition reportedly coexists in Malaysia; however, existing data are scarce and do not adequately represent the nutritional status of Malaysian children. The Nutrition Survey of Malaysian Children was carried out with the aim of assessing the nutritional status in a sample of nationally representative population of children aged 6 months to 12 years. A total of 3542 children were recruited using a stratified random sampling method. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemical assessment involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using semi-quantitative FFQ, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intakes (RNI). The prevalence of overweight (9·8%) and obesity (11·8%) was higher than that of thinness (5·4%) and stunting (8·4%). Only a small proportion of children had low levels of Hb (6·6%), serum ferritin (4·4%) and vitamin A (4·4%), but almost half the children (47·5%) had vitamin D insufficiency. Dietary intake of the children was not compatible with the recommendations, where more than one-third did not achieve the Malaysian RNI for energy, Ca and vitamin D. The present study revealed that overnutrition was more prevalent than undernutrition. The presence of high prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency and the inadequate intake of Ca and vitamin D are of concern. Hence, strategies for improving the nutritional status of Malaysian children need to consider both sides of malnutrition and also put emphasis on approaches for the prevention of overweight and obesity as well as vitamin D insufficiency. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24016764/Nutritional_status_and_dietary_intakes_of_children_aged_6_months_to_12_years:_findings_of_the_Nutrition_Survey_of_Malaysian_Children__SEANUTS_Malaysia__ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114513002092/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -