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Double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition in Vietnam in 2011: results of the SEANUTS study in 0·5-11-year-old children.
Br J Nutr 2013; 110 Suppl 3:S45-56BJ

Abstract

The Vietnamese South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS), a cross-sectional study, was undertaken to assess the nutritional status in a nationally representative sample of children aged 0·5-11·9 years. A multi-stage cluster-randomised sampling method was used to recruit 2872 children. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemistry involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24 h recall questionnaire, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Vietnamese RDA. In children aged < 5 years, approximately 14% were stunted, 8·6% underweight and 4·4% thin. A higher prevalence of stunting (15·6%) and underweight (22·2%) was observed in school-aged children. Undernutrition was more prevalent in rural areas than in urban areas. In contrast, almost 29% of the urban children were either overweight or obese when compared with 4% of the overweight children and 1·6% of the obese children in rural areas. A higher percentage of children in the age group 0·5-1·9 years and residing in rural areas had low Hb levels than those in the age group 2·0-5·9 years and residing in urban areas. In children aged 6-11 years, a small percentage had low Hb (11-14%) and vitamin A (5-10%) levels, but almost half the children (48-53%) had vitamin D insufficiency. Food consumption data indicated that the children did not meet the RDA for energy, protein, Fe, vitamin A, vitamin B1 and vitamin C. Results from the SEANUTS highlight the double burden of malnutrition in Vietnam. Information from the SEANUTS can serve as an input for targeted policy development, planning and development of nutrition programmes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Occupational and School Nutrition, National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), 48B Tang Bat Ho Street, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24016766

Citation

Le Nguyen, Bao Khanh, et al. "Double Burden of Undernutrition and Overnutrition in Vietnam in 2011: Results of the SEANUTS Study in 0·5-11-year-old Children." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 110 Suppl 3, 2013, pp. S45-56.
Le Nguyen BK, Le Thi H, Nguyen Do VA, et al. Double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition in Vietnam in 2011: results of the SEANUTS study in 0·5-11-year-old children. Br J Nutr. 2013;110 Suppl 3:S45-56.
Le Nguyen, B. K., Le Thi, H., Nguyen Do, V. A., Tran Thuy, N., Nguyen Huu, C., Thanh Do, T., ... Khouw, I. (2013). Double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition in Vietnam in 2011: results of the SEANUTS study in 0·5-11-year-old children. The British Journal of Nutrition, 110 Suppl 3, pp. S45-56. doi:10.1017/S0007114513002080.
Le Nguyen BK, et al. Double Burden of Undernutrition and Overnutrition in Vietnam in 2011: Results of the SEANUTS Study in 0·5-11-year-old Children. Br J Nutr. 2013;110 Suppl 3:S45-56. PubMed PMID: 24016766.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Double burden of undernutrition and overnutrition in Vietnam in 2011: results of the SEANUTS study in 0·5-11-year-old children. AU - Le Nguyen,Bao Khanh, AU - Le Thi,Hop, AU - Nguyen Do,Van Anh, AU - Tran Thuy,Nga, AU - Nguyen Huu,Chinh, AU - Thanh Do,Tran, AU - Deurenberg,Paul, AU - Khouw,Ilse, PY - 2013/9/11/entrez PY - 2013/9/18/pubmed PY - 2013/10/29/medline SP - S45 EP - 56 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 110 Suppl 3 N2 - The Vietnamese South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS), a cross-sectional study, was undertaken to assess the nutritional status in a nationally representative sample of children aged 0·5-11·9 years. A multi-stage cluster-randomised sampling method was used to recruit 2872 children. Anthropometric measurements included weight, height, mid-upper arm circumference, and waist and hip circumferences. Blood biochemistry involved analyses of Hb, serum ferritin, and vitamins A and D. Dietary intake was assessed using a 24 h recall questionnaire, and nutrient intakes were compared with the Vietnamese RDA. In children aged < 5 years, approximately 14% were stunted, 8·6% underweight and 4·4% thin. A higher prevalence of stunting (15·6%) and underweight (22·2%) was observed in school-aged children. Undernutrition was more prevalent in rural areas than in urban areas. In contrast, almost 29% of the urban children were either overweight or obese when compared with 4% of the overweight children and 1·6% of the obese children in rural areas. A higher percentage of children in the age group 0·5-1·9 years and residing in rural areas had low Hb levels than those in the age group 2·0-5·9 years and residing in urban areas. In children aged 6-11 years, a small percentage had low Hb (11-14%) and vitamin A (5-10%) levels, but almost half the children (48-53%) had vitamin D insufficiency. Food consumption data indicated that the children did not meet the RDA for energy, protein, Fe, vitamin A, vitamin B1 and vitamin C. Results from the SEANUTS highlight the double burden of malnutrition in Vietnam. Information from the SEANUTS can serve as an input for targeted policy development, planning and development of nutrition programmes. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24016766/Double_burden_of_undernutrition_and_overnutrition_in_Vietnam_in_2011:_results_of_the_SEANUTS_study_in_0·5_11_year_old_children_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0007114513002080/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -