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Effect of partial weight-supported treadmill gait training on balance in patients with Parkinson disease.
PM R. 2014 Jan; 6(1):22-33.PM R

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To investigate the role of conventional gait training and partial weight-supported treadmill gait training (PWSTT) in improving the balance of patients with Parkinson disease (PD).

DESIGN

Prospective randomized controlled design.

SETTING

National-level university tertiary hospital for mental health and neurosciences.

PATIENTS

Sixty patients with PD fulfilling the United Kingdom Brain Bank PD diagnostic criteria were recruited from the neurology outpatient department and movement disorder clinic.

METHODOLOGY

The patients were randomly assigned into 3 equal groups: (1) a control group that only received a stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs; (2) a conventional gait training (CGT) group that received a stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs and conventional gait training; and (3) a PWSTT group that received a stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs and PWSTT with unloading of 20% of body weight. The sessions for the CGT and PWSTT groups were provided for 30 minutes per day, 4 days per week, for 4 weeks (16 sessions).

OUTCOME MEASURES

The Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor score, dynamic posturography, Berg Balance Scale, and Tinetti performance-oriented mobility assessment (POMA) were used as main outcome measures.

RESULTS

A significant interaction effect was observed in the UPDRS motor score, mediolateral index, Berg Balance Scale, limits of stability (LOS) total score, POMA gait score, and balance score. Post-hoc analysis showed that in comparison with the control group, the PWSTT group had a significantly better UPDRS motor score, balance indices, LOS in 8 directions, POMA gait, and balance score. The CGT group had a significantly better POMA gait score compared with control subjects. Compared with the CGT group, the PWSTT group had a significantly better UPDRS motor score, mediolateral index, POMA gait score, and LOS total score.

CONCLUSION

PWSTT may be a better interventional choice than CGT for gait and balance rehabilitation in patients with PD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore, India; currently at Department of Physical Therapy, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL(∗).Department of Neurophysiology, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore, India(†).Neurological Rehabilitation, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore, India(‡).Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health & Neurosciences, Bangalore 560029, India(§). Electronic address: palpramod@hotmail.com.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24021298

Citation

Ganesan, Mohan, et al. "Effect of Partial Weight-supported Treadmill Gait Training On Balance in Patients With Parkinson Disease." PM & R : the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation, vol. 6, no. 1, 2014, pp. 22-33.
Ganesan M, Sathyaprabha TN, Gupta A, et al. Effect of partial weight-supported treadmill gait training on balance in patients with Parkinson disease. PM R. 2014;6(1):22-33.
Ganesan, M., Sathyaprabha, T. N., Gupta, A., & Pal, P. K. (2014). Effect of partial weight-supported treadmill gait training on balance in patients with Parkinson disease. PM & R : the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation, 6(1), 22-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.08.604
Ganesan M, et al. Effect of Partial Weight-supported Treadmill Gait Training On Balance in Patients With Parkinson Disease. PM R. 2014;6(1):22-33. PubMed PMID: 24021298.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of partial weight-supported treadmill gait training on balance in patients with Parkinson disease. AU - Ganesan,Mohan, AU - Sathyaprabha,Talakad N, AU - Gupta,Anupam, AU - Pal,Pramod Kumar, Y1 - 2013/09/08/ PY - 2012/08/11/received PY - 2013/08/14/revised PY - 2013/08/22/accepted PY - 2013/9/12/entrez PY - 2013/9/12/pubmed PY - 2014/10/1/medline SP - 22 EP - 33 JF - PM & R : the journal of injury, function, and rehabilitation JO - PM R VL - 6 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of conventional gait training and partial weight-supported treadmill gait training (PWSTT) in improving the balance of patients with Parkinson disease (PD). DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled design. SETTING: National-level university tertiary hospital for mental health and neurosciences. PATIENTS: Sixty patients with PD fulfilling the United Kingdom Brain Bank PD diagnostic criteria were recruited from the neurology outpatient department and movement disorder clinic. METHODOLOGY: The patients were randomly assigned into 3 equal groups: (1) a control group that only received a stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs; (2) a conventional gait training (CGT) group that received a stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs and conventional gait training; and (3) a PWSTT group that received a stable dosage of dopaminomimetic drugs and PWSTT with unloading of 20% of body weight. The sessions for the CGT and PWSTT groups were provided for 30 minutes per day, 4 days per week, for 4 weeks (16 sessions). OUTCOME MEASURES: The Unified Parkinson Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor score, dynamic posturography, Berg Balance Scale, and Tinetti performance-oriented mobility assessment (POMA) were used as main outcome measures. RESULTS: A significant interaction effect was observed in the UPDRS motor score, mediolateral index, Berg Balance Scale, limits of stability (LOS) total score, POMA gait score, and balance score. Post-hoc analysis showed that in comparison with the control group, the PWSTT group had a significantly better UPDRS motor score, balance indices, LOS in 8 directions, POMA gait, and balance score. The CGT group had a significantly better POMA gait score compared with control subjects. Compared with the CGT group, the PWSTT group had a significantly better UPDRS motor score, mediolateral index, POMA gait score, and LOS total score. CONCLUSION: PWSTT may be a better interventional choice than CGT for gait and balance rehabilitation in patients with PD. SN - 1934-1563 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24021298/Effect_of_partial_weight_supported_treadmill_gait_training_on_balance_in_patients_with_Parkinson_disease_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1934-1482(13)01035-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -