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Unfairness sensitivity and social decision-making in individuals with alcohol dependence: a preliminary study.
Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 01; 133(2):772-5.DA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Altruistic punishment is an evolutionary-based mechanism aimed at maximizing the probability of reciprocity in cooperative exchanges, through the deterrence of non-cooperators. In economic games, humans will often punish others for non-cooperation, even if this punishment is costly to the self. For instance, in the Ultimatum Game paradigm, people refuse offers considered as unfair even though they are disadvantaged financially by doing so. Here, we hypothesize that, due to an impulsive decision making style, individuals with alcoholism will display an heightened unfairness sensitivity that leads them to reject advantageous offers more frequently on the Ultimatum Game.

METHODS

Thirty recently detoxified alcohol-dependent individuals and 30 matched healthy control participants performed the Ultimatum Game task, in which participants had to respond to take-it-or-leave-it offers ranging from fair to unfair and made by a fictive proposer.

RESULTS

Alcohol-dependent participants decided to reject unfair offers more frequently during the Ultimatum Game, as compared to controls.

CONCLUSIONS

In situations of social frustration or irritation, such as unfair Ultimatum Game offers, alcohol-dependent individuals may have more difficulty than controls regulating their emotional impulses, and respond aggressively or retributively (i.e., by rejecting the unfair offer).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Medical Psychology and Addictology, CHU-Brugmann, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24021763

Citation

Brevers, Damien, et al. "Unfairness Sensitivity and Social Decision-making in Individuals With Alcohol Dependence: a Preliminary Study." Drug and Alcohol Dependence, vol. 133, no. 2, 2013, pp. 772-5.
Brevers D, Noël X, Ermer E, et al. Unfairness sensitivity and social decision-making in individuals with alcohol dependence: a preliminary study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013;133(2):772-5.
Brevers, D., Noël, X., Ermer, E., Dabiri, D., Verbanck, P., & Kornreich, C. (2013). Unfairness sensitivity and social decision-making in individuals with alcohol dependence: a preliminary study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 133(2), 772-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.08.013
Brevers D, et al. Unfairness Sensitivity and Social Decision-making in Individuals With Alcohol Dependence: a Preliminary Study. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2013 Dec 1;133(2):772-5. PubMed PMID: 24021763.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Unfairness sensitivity and social decision-making in individuals with alcohol dependence: a preliminary study. AU - Brevers,Damien, AU - Noël,Xavier, AU - Ermer,Elsa, AU - Dabiri,David, AU - Verbanck,Paul, AU - Kornreich,Charles, Y1 - 2013/08/26/ PY - 2013/05/26/received PY - 2013/08/13/revised PY - 2013/08/14/accepted PY - 2013/9/12/entrez PY - 2013/9/12/pubmed PY - 2014/6/24/medline KW - Alcohol KW - Altruism KW - Decision-making KW - Ultimatum KW - Unfairness SP - 772 EP - 5 JF - Drug and alcohol dependence JO - Drug Alcohol Depend VL - 133 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Altruistic punishment is an evolutionary-based mechanism aimed at maximizing the probability of reciprocity in cooperative exchanges, through the deterrence of non-cooperators. In economic games, humans will often punish others for non-cooperation, even if this punishment is costly to the self. For instance, in the Ultimatum Game paradigm, people refuse offers considered as unfair even though they are disadvantaged financially by doing so. Here, we hypothesize that, due to an impulsive decision making style, individuals with alcoholism will display an heightened unfairness sensitivity that leads them to reject advantageous offers more frequently on the Ultimatum Game. METHODS: Thirty recently detoxified alcohol-dependent individuals and 30 matched healthy control participants performed the Ultimatum Game task, in which participants had to respond to take-it-or-leave-it offers ranging from fair to unfair and made by a fictive proposer. RESULTS: Alcohol-dependent participants decided to reject unfair offers more frequently during the Ultimatum Game, as compared to controls. CONCLUSIONS: In situations of social frustration or irritation, such as unfair Ultimatum Game offers, alcohol-dependent individuals may have more difficulty than controls regulating their emotional impulses, and respond aggressively or retributively (i.e., by rejecting the unfair offer). SN - 1879-0046 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24021763/Unfairness_sensitivity_and_social_decision_making_in_individuals_with_alcohol_dependence:_a_preliminary_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0376-8716(13)00329-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -