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The impact of the HDI on the association of psychosocial work demands with sickness absence and presenteeism.
Eur J Public Health 2014; 24(5):856-61EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The purpose of this study was to determine whether psychosocial work demands have a different impact on sickness absence and presenteeism in countries with a high vs. countries with a low Human Development Index (HDI).

METHODS

This article is based on an analysis of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey. We investigated single items as well as complex constructs and indices. Sickness absence and presenteeism were measured as outcome variables. Following the model of Karasek and Theorell, we measured the HDI at the macro level and psychosocial job demands at the micro level as independent variables.

RESULTS

The multivariate multilevel analysis reveals a significant association between the HDI and the number of days recorded for sickness absence. In countries with a higher HDI, people report a lower number of days with sickness absence. Higher psychosocial job demands are associated with poorer health. There are significant cross-level interaction effects between psychosocial job demands and the HDI for these associations. Psychosocial job demands are stronger associated with sickness absence and presenteeism in high-HDI than in low-HDI countries.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH

We argue that Public Health Actions that are connected to work characteristics need to take into consideration the level of HDI of the countries. In low- and high-HDI countries, different actions could be necessary to reach the needs of the working population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

1 Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitätsstr. 6/1, A-8020 Graz, Austria johanna.muckenhuber@medunigraz.at.1 Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitätsstr. 6/1, A-8020 Graz, Austria.2 Center for Public Health, Medical University Vienna, Währinger Straβe 13a/3.Stock, A-1090 Wien, Austria.1 Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitätsstr. 6/1, A-8020 Graz, Austria.1 Department of Social Medicine and Epidemiology, Medical University Graz, Universitätsstr. 6/1, A-8020 Graz, Austria.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24029457

Citation

Muckenhuber, Johanna, et al. "The Impact of the HDI On the Association of Psychosocial Work Demands With Sickness Absence and Presenteeism." European Journal of Public Health, vol. 24, no. 5, 2014, pp. 856-61.
Muckenhuber J, Burkert N, Dorner TE, et al. The impact of the HDI on the association of psychosocial work demands with sickness absence and presenteeism. Eur J Public Health. 2014;24(5):856-61.
Muckenhuber, J., Burkert, N., Dorner, T. E., Groβschädl, F., & Freidl, W. (2014). The impact of the HDI on the association of psychosocial work demands with sickness absence and presenteeism. European Journal of Public Health, 24(5), pp. 856-61. doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckt132.
Muckenhuber J, et al. The Impact of the HDI On the Association of Psychosocial Work Demands With Sickness Absence and Presenteeism. Eur J Public Health. 2014;24(5):856-61. PubMed PMID: 24029457.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The impact of the HDI on the association of psychosocial work demands with sickness absence and presenteeism. AU - Muckenhuber,Johanna, AU - Burkert,Nathalie, AU - Dorner,Thomas E, AU - Groβschädl,Franziska, AU - Freidl,Wolfgang, Y1 - 2013/09/12/ PY - 2013/9/14/entrez PY - 2013/9/14/pubmed PY - 2015/6/13/medline SP - 856 EP - 61 JF - European journal of public health JO - Eur J Public Health VL - 24 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether psychosocial work demands have a different impact on sickness absence and presenteeism in countries with a high vs. countries with a low Human Development Index (HDI). METHODS: This article is based on an analysis of the fifth European Working Conditions Survey. We investigated single items as well as complex constructs and indices. Sickness absence and presenteeism were measured as outcome variables. Following the model of Karasek and Theorell, we measured the HDI at the macro level and psychosocial job demands at the micro level as independent variables. RESULTS: The multivariate multilevel analysis reveals a significant association between the HDI and the number of days recorded for sickness absence. In countries with a higher HDI, people report a lower number of days with sickness absence. Higher psychosocial job demands are associated with poorer health. There are significant cross-level interaction effects between psychosocial job demands and the HDI for these associations. Psychosocial job demands are stronger associated with sickness absence and presenteeism in high-HDI than in low-HDI countries. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH: We argue that Public Health Actions that are connected to work characteristics need to take into consideration the level of HDI of the countries. In low- and high-HDI countries, different actions could be necessary to reach the needs of the working population. SN - 1464-360X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24029457/The_impact_of_the_HDI_on_the_association_of_psychosocial_work_demands_with_sickness_absence_and_presenteeism_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/eurpub/ckt132 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -