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Cow's milk and goat's milk.
World Rev Nutr Diet. 2013; 108:56-62.WR

Abstract

Cow's milk is increasingly suggested to play a role in the development of chronic degenerative, non-communicable disorders whereas goat's milk is advocated as having several health benefits. Cow's milk is a rich and cheap source of protein and calcium, and a valuable food for bone health. Despite their high content in saturated fats, consumption of full-fat dairy products does not seem to cause significant changes in cardiovascular disease risk variables. Early introduction of cow's milk is a strong negative determinant of iron status. Unmodified cow's milk does not meet nutritional requirements of infants although it is acceptable to add small volumes of cow's milk to complementary foods. Cow's milk protein allergy has a prevalence ranging from 2 to 7%, and the age of recovery is usually around 2-3 years. The evidence linking cow's milk intake to a later risk of type 1 diabetes or chronic degenerative, non-communicable disorders (obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hypertension) is not convincing. Milk probably protects against colorectal cancer, diets high in calcium are a probable cause of prostate cancer, and there is limited evidence suggesting that high consumption of milk and dairy products increases the risk for prostate cancer. There is no evidence to support the use of a cow's milk-free diet as a primary treatment for individuals with autistic spectrum disorders. Unmodified goat's milk is not suitable for infants because of the high protein and minerals content and of a low folate content. Goat's milk has no clear nutritional advantage over cow's milk and is not less allergenic. The European Food Safety Authority recently stated that proteins from goat's milk can be suitable as a protein source for infant and follow-on formula, provided the final product complies with the compositional criteria laid down in Directive 2006/141/EC.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Jeanne de Flandre Children's Hospital, Lille University Faculty of Medicine, INSERM U995, Lille, France.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24029787

Citation

Turck, Dominique. "Cow's Milk and Goat's Milk." World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 108, 2013, pp. 56-62.
Turck D. Cow's milk and goat's milk. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2013;108:56-62.
Turck, D. (2013). Cow's milk and goat's milk. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics, 108, 56-62. https://doi.org/10.1159/000351485
Turck D. Cow's Milk and Goat's Milk. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2013;108:56-62. PubMed PMID: 24029787.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cow's milk and goat's milk. A1 - Turck,Dominique, Y1 - 2013/09/06/ PY - 2013/9/14/entrez PY - 2013/9/14/pubmed PY - 2014/4/23/medline SP - 56 EP - 62 JF - World review of nutrition and dietetics JO - World Rev Nutr Diet VL - 108 N2 - Cow's milk is increasingly suggested to play a role in the development of chronic degenerative, non-communicable disorders whereas goat's milk is advocated as having several health benefits. Cow's milk is a rich and cheap source of protein and calcium, and a valuable food for bone health. Despite their high content in saturated fats, consumption of full-fat dairy products does not seem to cause significant changes in cardiovascular disease risk variables. Early introduction of cow's milk is a strong negative determinant of iron status. Unmodified cow's milk does not meet nutritional requirements of infants although it is acceptable to add small volumes of cow's milk to complementary foods. Cow's milk protein allergy has a prevalence ranging from 2 to 7%, and the age of recovery is usually around 2-3 years. The evidence linking cow's milk intake to a later risk of type 1 diabetes or chronic degenerative, non-communicable disorders (obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, hypertension) is not convincing. Milk probably protects against colorectal cancer, diets high in calcium are a probable cause of prostate cancer, and there is limited evidence suggesting that high consumption of milk and dairy products increases the risk for prostate cancer. There is no evidence to support the use of a cow's milk-free diet as a primary treatment for individuals with autistic spectrum disorders. Unmodified goat's milk is not suitable for infants because of the high protein and minerals content and of a low folate content. Goat's milk has no clear nutritional advantage over cow's milk and is not less allergenic. The European Food Safety Authority recently stated that proteins from goat's milk can be suitable as a protein source for infant and follow-on formula, provided the final product complies with the compositional criteria laid down in Directive 2006/141/EC. SN - 1662-3975 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24029787/Cow's_milk_and_goat's_milk_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000351485 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -