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Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and fish among US children 12-60 months of age.
Matern Child Nutr. 2015 Oct; 11(4):987-98.MC

Abstract

This study aimed to estimate intake of individual polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), identify major dietary sources of PUFAs and estimate the proportion of individuals consuming fish among US children 12-60 months of age, by age and race and ethnicity. The study employed a cross-sectional design using US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Representative sample of US population based on selected counties.

SUBJECTS

2496 US children aged 12-60 months. Mean daily intake of n-6 PUFAs and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) varied by age, with children 12-24 months of age having lower average intakes (mg or g day(-1)) than children 49-60 months of age and the lowest n6 : n3 ratio, upon adjustment for energy intake. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake was low (20 mg day(-1)) compared to typical infant intake and did not change with age. Compared to non-Hispanic white children, Mexican American children had higher DHA and arachidonic acid (AA) intake. In the previous 30 days, 53.7% of children ever consumed fish. Non-Hispanic black children were more likely than non-Hispanic white children to have consumed fish (64.0% vs. 53.0%). Results indicate low prevalence of fish intake and key n-3 PUFAs, relative to n-6 fatty acids, which suggests room for improvement in the diets of US children. More research is needed to determine how increasing dietary intakes of n-3 PUFAs like DHA could benefit child health.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Center for Biobehavioral Health, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA. Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.National Center for Health Statistics, Office of Analysis and Epidemiology, Infant, Children, and Women's Health Statistics Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24034437

Citation

Keim, Sarah A., and Amy M. Branum. "Dietary Intake of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Fish Among US Children 12-60 Months of Age." Maternal & Child Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 4, 2015, pp. 987-98.
Keim SA, Branum AM. Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and fish among US children 12-60 months of age. Matern Child Nutr. 2015;11(4):987-98.
Keim, S. A., & Branum, A. M. (2015). Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and fish among US children 12-60 months of age. Maternal & Child Nutrition, 11(4), 987-98. https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12077
Keim SA, Branum AM. Dietary Intake of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Fish Among US Children 12-60 Months of Age. Matern Child Nutr. 2015;11(4):987-98. PubMed PMID: 24034437.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake of polyunsaturated fatty acids and fish among US children 12-60 months of age. AU - Keim,Sarah A, AU - Branum,Amy M, Y1 - 2013/09/13/ PY - 2013/9/17/entrez PY - 2013/9/17/pubmed PY - 2016/8/5/medline KW - children KW - fish KW - polyunsaturated fatty acids KW - race SP - 987 EP - 98 JF - Maternal & child nutrition JO - Matern Child Nutr VL - 11 IS - 4 N2 - UNLABELLED: This study aimed to estimate intake of individual polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), identify major dietary sources of PUFAs and estimate the proportion of individuals consuming fish among US children 12-60 months of age, by age and race and ethnicity. The study employed a cross-sectional design using US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Representative sample of US population based on selected counties. SUBJECTS: 2496 US children aged 12-60 months. Mean daily intake of n-6 PUFAs and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) varied by age, with children 12-24 months of age having lower average intakes (mg or g day(-1)) than children 49-60 months of age and the lowest n6 : n3 ratio, upon adjustment for energy intake. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) intake was low (20 mg day(-1)) compared to typical infant intake and did not change with age. Compared to non-Hispanic white children, Mexican American children had higher DHA and arachidonic acid (AA) intake. In the previous 30 days, 53.7% of children ever consumed fish. Non-Hispanic black children were more likely than non-Hispanic white children to have consumed fish (64.0% vs. 53.0%). Results indicate low prevalence of fish intake and key n-3 PUFAs, relative to n-6 fatty acids, which suggests room for improvement in the diets of US children. More research is needed to determine how increasing dietary intakes of n-3 PUFAs like DHA could benefit child health. SN - 1740-8709 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24034437/Dietary_intake_of_polyunsaturated_fatty_acids_and_fish_among_US_children_12_60_months_of_age_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/mcn.12077 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -