Revealing in vivo glucose utilization of Gluconobacter oxydans 621H Δmgdh strain by mutagenesis.Microbiol Res. 2014 May-Jun; 169(5-6):469-75.MR
Gluconobacter oxydans, belonging to acetic acid bacteria, is widely used in industrial biotechnology. In our previous study, one of the main glucose metabolic pathways in G. oxydans 621H was blocked by the disruption of the mgdh gene, which is responsible for glucose oxidation to gluconate on cell membrane. The resulting 621H Δmgdh mutant strain showed an enhanced growth and biomass yield on glucose. In order to further understand the intracellular utilization of glucose by 621H Δmgdh, the functions of four fundamental genes, namely glucokinase-encoding glk1 gene, soluble glucose dehydrogenase-encoding sgdh gene, galactose-proton symporter-encoding galp1 and galp2 genes, were investigated. The obtained metabolic characteristics of 621H Δmgdh Δglk1 and 621H Δmgdh Δsgdh double-gene knockout mutants showed that, in vivo, glucose is preferentially phosphorylated to glucose-6-phosphate by glucokinase rather than being oxidized to gluconate by soluble glucose dehydrogenase. In addition, although the galactose-proton symporter-encoding genes were proved to be glucose transporter genes in other organisms, both galp genes (galp 1 and galp2) in G. oxydans were not found to be involved in glucose uptake system, implying that other unknown transporters might be responsible for transporting glucose into the cells.