Inhibitors of α-glucosidase and α-amylase from Cyperus rotundus.Pharm Biol. 2014 Jan; 52(1):74-7.PB
A methanol extract of Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae) rhizomes showed inhibitory activity against α-glucosidase and α-amylase, two enzymes involve in carbohydrate digestion.
Identification of compounds from C. rotundus rhizomes responsible for the inhibition of α-glucosidase and α-amylase.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Compounds were identified by a phytochemical investigation using combined chromatographic and spectroscopic methods. α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibitory activities were evaluated by in vitro enzyme inhibition assays.
A new (2RS,3SR)-3,4',5,6,7,8-hexahydroxyflavane (1), together with three known stilbene dimers cassigarol E (2), scirpusin A (3) and B (4) were isolated. Compound 2 inhibited both α-glucosidase and α-amylase activities while the flavane 1 only showed effect on α-amylase, and compounds 3 and 4 were active on α-glucosidase. All four compounds showed significant 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity.
The inhibitory activities against α-amylase and α-glucosidase of the C. rotundus rhizomes were reported for the first time. Stilbene dimers are considered as potent inhibitors of α-glucosidase and promising antihyperglycemic agents.
The isolated compounds may contribute to the antidiabetic property of C. rotundus.