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Assessment of antimicrobial potential of 10% ginger extract against Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and Enterococcus faecalis: an in vitro study.
Indian J Dent Res. 2013 Jul-Aug; 24(4):397-400.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and Enterococcus faecalis are the three oral microorganisms most commonly implicated in the causation of oral infections. All these oral microorganisms have shown resistant to routinely used antimicrobials. There is a need for an antimicrobial agent which is effective, safe, and economical. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger is one such plant product which has been used from ancient time. It has been shown to possess promising inhibitory effect on many of the oral microorganisms. On review of dental literature, there was scarcity of studies which had tried to assess antimicrobial potential of ginger extract against S. mutans, E. faecalis, and C. albicans; hence, the present study was designed.

AIM

To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial potential of 10% ginger extract against S. mutans, E. faecalis, and C. albicans.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN

Laboratory setting and experimental design.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

In the first part of the study, 10% ethanolic ginger extract was prepared in the laboratory of Pharmacy College. It was then subjected to microbiological assay to determine its zone of inhibition using Agar disk diffusion test and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) using serial broth dilution method against S. mutans, C. albicans, and E. faecalis.

RESULTS

10% ethanolic ginger extract showed: (a) Maximum zone of inhibition of 8 mm, 14 mm, and 11 mm against S. mutans, C. albicans, and E. faecalis respectively. (b) MIC of 1.25%, 2.5%, and 2.5% against S. mutans, C. albicans, and E. faecalis respectively.

CONCLUSION

10% ethanolic ginger extract was found to possess antimicrobial potential against all the three pathogens used in the study.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Public Health Dentistry, Bapuji Dental College, Davangere, Karnataka, India.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24047828

Citation

Giriraju, Anjan, and G Y. Yunus. "Assessment of Antimicrobial Potential of 10% Ginger Extract Against Streptococcus Mutans, Candida Albicans, and Enterococcus Faecalis: an in Vitro Study." Indian Journal of Dental Research : Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, vol. 24, no. 4, 2013, pp. 397-400.
Giriraju A, Yunus GY. Assessment of antimicrobial potential of 10% ginger extract against Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and Enterococcus faecalis: an in vitro study. Indian J Dent Res. 2013;24(4):397-400.
Giriraju, A., & Yunus, G. Y. (2013). Assessment of antimicrobial potential of 10% ginger extract against Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and Enterococcus faecalis: an in vitro study. Indian Journal of Dental Research : Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research, 24(4), 397-400. https://doi.org/10.4103/0970-9290.118356
Giriraju A, Yunus GY. Assessment of Antimicrobial Potential of 10% Ginger Extract Against Streptococcus Mutans, Candida Albicans, and Enterococcus Faecalis: an in Vitro Study. Indian J Dent Res. 2013;24(4):397-400. PubMed PMID: 24047828.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Assessment of antimicrobial potential of 10% ginger extract against Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and Enterococcus faecalis: an in vitro study. AU - Giriraju,Anjan, AU - Yunus,G Y, PY - 2013/9/20/entrez PY - 2013/9/21/pubmed PY - 2015/9/26/medline SP - 397 EP - 400 JF - Indian journal of dental research : official publication of Indian Society for Dental Research JO - Indian J Dent Res VL - 24 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Streptococcus mutans, Candida albicans, and Enterococcus faecalis are the three oral microorganisms most commonly implicated in the causation of oral infections. All these oral microorganisms have shown resistant to routinely used antimicrobials. There is a need for an antimicrobial agent which is effective, safe, and economical. Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger is one such plant product which has been used from ancient time. It has been shown to possess promising inhibitory effect on many of the oral microorganisms. On review of dental literature, there was scarcity of studies which had tried to assess antimicrobial potential of ginger extract against S. mutans, E. faecalis, and C. albicans; hence, the present study was designed. AIM: To evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial potential of 10% ginger extract against S. mutans, E. faecalis, and C. albicans. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Laboratory setting and experimental design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the first part of the study, 10% ethanolic ginger extract was prepared in the laboratory of Pharmacy College. It was then subjected to microbiological assay to determine its zone of inhibition using Agar disk diffusion test and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) using serial broth dilution method against S. mutans, C. albicans, and E. faecalis. RESULTS: 10% ethanolic ginger extract showed: (a) Maximum zone of inhibition of 8 mm, 14 mm, and 11 mm against S. mutans, C. albicans, and E. faecalis respectively. (b) MIC of 1.25%, 2.5%, and 2.5% against S. mutans, C. albicans, and E. faecalis respectively. CONCLUSION: 10% ethanolic ginger extract was found to possess antimicrobial potential against all the three pathogens used in the study. SN - 1998-3603 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24047828/Assessment_of_antimicrobial_potential_of_10_ginger_extract_against_Streptococcus_mutans_Candida_albicans_and_Enterococcus_faecalis:_an_in_vitro_study_ L2 - http://www.ijdr.in/article.asp?issn=0970-9290;year=2013;volume=24;issue=4;spage=397;epage=400;aulast=Giriraju DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -