Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

A novel craniotomy simulator provides a validated method to enhance education in the management of traumatic brain injury.
Neurosurgery. 2013 Oct; 73 Suppl 1:57-65.N

Abstract

BACKGROUND

In a variety of surgical specialties, simulation-based technologies play an important role in resident training. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) established an initiative to enhance neurosurgical training by developing a simulation-based curriculum to complement standard didactic and clinical learning.

OBJECTIVE

To enhance resident education in the management of traumatic brain injury by the use of simulation-based training.

METHODS

A course-based neurosurgical simulation curriculum was developed and offered at the 2012 CNS annual meeting. Within this curriculum, a trauma module was developed to teach skills necessary in the management of traumatic brain injury, including the performance of craniotomy for trauma. Didactic and simulator-based instruction were incorporated into the course. Written and practical pre- and posttests, as well as questionnaires, were used to assess the improvement in skill level and to validate the simulator as a teaching tool.

RESULTS

Fourteen trainees participated in the didactic section of the trauma module. Average performance improved significantly in written scores from pretest (75%) to posttest (87.5%, P < .05). Eight participants completed the trauma craniotomy simulator. Incision planning, burr hole placement (P < .02), and craniotomy size (P < .05) improved significantly. Junior residents (postgraduate years 1-3) demonstrated the most improvement during the course.

CONCLUSION

The CNS simulation trauma module provides a complementary method for residents to acquire necessary skills in the management of traumatic brain injury. Preliminary data indicate improvement in didactic and hands-on knowledge after training. Additional data are needed to confirm the validity of the simulator.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota ‡Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio §Division of Neurosurgery, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts ‖Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts ¶The Norman M. Rich Department of Surgery, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24051884

Citation

Lobel, Darlene A., et al. "A Novel Craniotomy Simulator Provides a Validated Method to Enhance Education in the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury." Neurosurgery, vol. 73 Suppl 1, 2013, pp. 57-65.
Lobel DA, Elder JB, Schirmer CM, et al. A novel craniotomy simulator provides a validated method to enhance education in the management of traumatic brain injury. Neurosurgery. 2013;73 Suppl 1:57-65.
Lobel, D. A., Elder, J. B., Schirmer, C. M., Bowyer, M. W., & Rezai, A. R. (2013). A novel craniotomy simulator provides a validated method to enhance education in the management of traumatic brain injury. Neurosurgery, 73 Suppl 1, 57-65. https://doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0000000000000116
Lobel DA, et al. A Novel Craniotomy Simulator Provides a Validated Method to Enhance Education in the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury. Neurosurgery. 2013;73 Suppl 1:57-65. PubMed PMID: 24051884.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A novel craniotomy simulator provides a validated method to enhance education in the management of traumatic brain injury. AU - Lobel,Darlene A, AU - Elder,J Bradley, AU - Schirmer,Clemens M, AU - Bowyer,Mark W, AU - Rezai,Ali R, PY - 2013/9/21/entrez PY - 2013/9/27/pubmed PY - 2014/4/23/medline SP - 57 EP - 65 JF - Neurosurgery JO - Neurosurgery VL - 73 Suppl 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: In a variety of surgical specialties, simulation-based technologies play an important role in resident training. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) established an initiative to enhance neurosurgical training by developing a simulation-based curriculum to complement standard didactic and clinical learning. OBJECTIVE: To enhance resident education in the management of traumatic brain injury by the use of simulation-based training. METHODS: A course-based neurosurgical simulation curriculum was developed and offered at the 2012 CNS annual meeting. Within this curriculum, a trauma module was developed to teach skills necessary in the management of traumatic brain injury, including the performance of craniotomy for trauma. Didactic and simulator-based instruction were incorporated into the course. Written and practical pre- and posttests, as well as questionnaires, were used to assess the improvement in skill level and to validate the simulator as a teaching tool. RESULTS: Fourteen trainees participated in the didactic section of the trauma module. Average performance improved significantly in written scores from pretest (75%) to posttest (87.5%, P < .05). Eight participants completed the trauma craniotomy simulator. Incision planning, burr hole placement (P < .02), and craniotomy size (P < .05) improved significantly. Junior residents (postgraduate years 1-3) demonstrated the most improvement during the course. CONCLUSION: The CNS simulation trauma module provides a complementary method for residents to acquire necessary skills in the management of traumatic brain injury. Preliminary data indicate improvement in didactic and hands-on knowledge after training. Additional data are needed to confirm the validity of the simulator. SN - 1524-4040 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24051884/A_novel_craniotomy_simulator_provides_a_validated_method_to_enhance_education_in_the_management_of_traumatic_brain_injury_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/neurosurgery/article-lookup/doi/10.1227/NEU.0000000000000116 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -