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Virtual reality-based simulation training for ventriculostomy: an evidence-based approach.
Neurosurgery. 2013 Oct; 73 Suppl 1:66-73.N

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Virtual reality (VR) simulation-based technologies play an important role in neurosurgical resident training. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Simulation Committee developed a simulation-based curriculum incorporating VR simulators to train residents in the management of common neurosurgical disorders.

OBJECTIVE

To enhance neurosurgical resident training for ventriculostomy placement using simulation-based training.

METHODS

A course-based neurosurgical simulation curriculum was introduced at the Neurosurgical Simulation Symposium at the 2011 and 2012 CNS annual meetings. A trauma module was developed to teach ventriculostomy placement as one of the neurosurgical procedures commonly performed in the management of traumatic brain injury. The course offered both didactic and simulator-based instruction, incorporating written and practical pretests and posttests and questionnaires to assess improvement in skill level and to validate the simulators as teaching tools.

RESULTS

Fourteen trainees participated in the didactic component of the trauma module. Written scores improved significantly from pretest (75%) to posttest (87.5%; P < .05). Seven participants completed the ventriculostomy simulation. Significant improvements were observed in anatomy (P < .04), burr hole placement (P < .03), final location of the catheter (P = .05), and procedure completion time (P < .004). Senior residents planned a significantly better trajectory (P < .01); junior participants improved most in terms of identifying the relevant anatomy (P < .03) and the time required to complete the procedure (P < .04).

CONCLUSION

VR ventriculostomy placement as part of the CNS simulation trauma module complements standard training techniques for residents in the management of neurosurgical trauma. Improvement in didactic and hands-on knowledge by course participants demonstrates the usefulness of the VR simulator as a training tool.

Authors+Show Affiliations

*Division of Neurosurgery, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts; ‡Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts; §Department of Neurological Surgery, The Ohio State University Medical Center, Columbus, Ohio; ¶Section of Neurosurgery, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; ‖Department of Neurologic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24051886

Citation

Schirmer, Clemens M., et al. "Virtual Reality-based Simulation Training for Ventriculostomy: an Evidence-based Approach." Neurosurgery, vol. 73 Suppl 1, 2013, pp. 66-73.
Schirmer CM, Elder JB, Roitberg B, et al. Virtual reality-based simulation training for ventriculostomy: an evidence-based approach. Neurosurgery. 2013;73 Suppl 1:66-73.
Schirmer, C. M., Elder, J. B., Roitberg, B., & Lobel, D. A. (2013). Virtual reality-based simulation training for ventriculostomy: an evidence-based approach. Neurosurgery, 73 Suppl 1, 66-73. https://doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0000000000000074
Schirmer CM, et al. Virtual Reality-based Simulation Training for Ventriculostomy: an Evidence-based Approach. Neurosurgery. 2013;73 Suppl 1:66-73. PubMed PMID: 24051886.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Virtual reality-based simulation training for ventriculostomy: an evidence-based approach. AU - Schirmer,Clemens M, AU - Elder,J Bradley, AU - Roitberg,Ben, AU - Lobel,Darlene A, PY - 2013/9/21/entrez PY - 2013/9/27/pubmed PY - 2014/4/23/medline SP - 66 EP - 73 JF - Neurosurgery JO - Neurosurgery VL - 73 Suppl 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR) simulation-based technologies play an important role in neurosurgical resident training. The Congress of Neurological Surgeons (CNS) Simulation Committee developed a simulation-based curriculum incorporating VR simulators to train residents in the management of common neurosurgical disorders. OBJECTIVE: To enhance neurosurgical resident training for ventriculostomy placement using simulation-based training. METHODS: A course-based neurosurgical simulation curriculum was introduced at the Neurosurgical Simulation Symposium at the 2011 and 2012 CNS annual meetings. A trauma module was developed to teach ventriculostomy placement as one of the neurosurgical procedures commonly performed in the management of traumatic brain injury. The course offered both didactic and simulator-based instruction, incorporating written and practical pretests and posttests and questionnaires to assess improvement in skill level and to validate the simulators as teaching tools. RESULTS: Fourteen trainees participated in the didactic component of the trauma module. Written scores improved significantly from pretest (75%) to posttest (87.5%; P < .05). Seven participants completed the ventriculostomy simulation. Significant improvements were observed in anatomy (P < .04), burr hole placement (P < .03), final location of the catheter (P = .05), and procedure completion time (P < .004). Senior residents planned a significantly better trajectory (P < .01); junior participants improved most in terms of identifying the relevant anatomy (P < .03) and the time required to complete the procedure (P < .04). CONCLUSION: VR ventriculostomy placement as part of the CNS simulation trauma module complements standard training techniques for residents in the management of neurosurgical trauma. Improvement in didactic and hands-on knowledge by course participants demonstrates the usefulness of the VR simulator as a training tool. SN - 1524-4040 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24051886/Virtual_reality_based_simulation_training_for_ventriculostomy:_an_evidence_based_approach_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/neurosurgery/article-lookup/doi/10.1227/NEU.0000000000000074 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -