Dibutyryl cyclic AMP increases the amount of functional messenger RNA coding for tyrosine aminotransferase in rat liver.J Biol Chem. 1978 Mar 10; 253(5):1332-5.JB
The administration of N6,O2-dibutyryl cyclic AMP and theophylline to adrenalectomized rats results in an increase in the amount of functional mRNA coding for tyrosine aminotransferase that can be isolated from liver. The induction of this specific mRNA, as quantitated in a mRNA-dependent reticulocyte lysate system, and using poly(A)+ mRNA extracted from total tissue and polysomes, is very rapid. Within an hour after the intraperitoneal injection of the cyclic AMP derivative there is a 5- to 7-fold elevation of functional mRNA coding for tyrosine aminotransferase (mRNATAT), and by 3 h this has returned to basal levels. In contrast, the 4- to 5-fold induction of tyrosine aminotransferase catalytic activity is maximal at 2 h and is still significantly greater than the basal level at 5 h. In the basal state, tyrosine aminotransferase mRNA codes for 0.019 +/- 0.003% of the protein synthesized in the in vitro system, whereas after cyclic nucleotide treatment this value 0.115 +/- 0.015%, hence the increase in mRNATAT activity is relatively specific. Cordycepin, at a concentration which prevents the accumulation in cytoplasm of poly(A)+ mRNA, completely blocks the increase in both the catalytic and mRNA activity of this enzyme. The marked increase in functional mRNA, the requirement for continued synthesis of poly(A)+ RNA, and the rapid induction and deinduction suggest that the cyclic nucleotide is enhancing specific mRNA synthesis and/or, processing, however an effect on mRNA degradation cannot be excluded.