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Social influence on temptation: perceived descriptive norms, temptation and restraint, and problem drinking among college students.
Addict Behav. 2013 Dec; 38(12):2918-23.AB

Abstract

Temptation and restraint have long been associated with problematic drinking. Among college students, social norms are one of the strongest predictors of problematic drinking. To date, no studies have examined the association between temptation and restraint and perceived descriptive norms on drinking and alcohol-related problems among college students. The purpose of this study was to examine whether perceived descriptive norms moderated the relationship between temptation and restraint and drinking outcomes among college students. Participants were 1095 college students from a large, public, culturally-diverse, southern university who completed an online survey about drinking behaviors and related attitudes. Drinks per week and alcohol-related problems were examined as a function of perceived descriptive norms, Cognitive Emotional Preoccupation (CEP) (temptation), and Cognitive Behavioral Control (CBC) (restraint). Additionally, drinking outcomes were examined as a function of the two-way interactions between CEP and perceived descriptive norms and CBC and perceived descriptive norms. Results indicated that CEP and perceived descriptive norms were associated with drinking outcomes. CBC was not associated with drinking outcomes. Additionally, perceived descriptive norms moderated the association between CEP and drinks per week and CEP and alcohol-related problems. There was a positive association between CEP and drinks per week and CEP and alcohol-related problems, especially for those higher on perceived descriptive norms. College students who are very tempted to drink may drink more heavily and experience alcohol-related problems more frequently if they have greater perceptions that the typical student at their university/college drinks a lot.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Houston, Department of Psychology, 126 Heyne Bldg., Houston, TX 77204-5022, USA. Electronic address: dvrinker@uh.edu.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24064190

Citation

Rinker, Dipali Venkataraman, and Clayton Neighbors. "Social Influence On Temptation: Perceived Descriptive Norms, Temptation and Restraint, and Problem Drinking Among College Students." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 38, no. 12, 2013, pp. 2918-23.
Rinker DV, Neighbors C. Social influence on temptation: perceived descriptive norms, temptation and restraint, and problem drinking among college students. Addict Behav. 2013;38(12):2918-23.
Rinker, D. V., & Neighbors, C. (2013). Social influence on temptation: perceived descriptive norms, temptation and restraint, and problem drinking among college students. Addictive Behaviors, 38(12), 2918-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.027
Rinker DV, Neighbors C. Social Influence On Temptation: Perceived Descriptive Norms, Temptation and Restraint, and Problem Drinking Among College Students. Addict Behav. 2013;38(12):2918-23. PubMed PMID: 24064190.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Social influence on temptation: perceived descriptive norms, temptation and restraint, and problem drinking among college students. AU - Rinker,Dipali Venkataraman, AU - Neighbors,Clayton, Y1 - 2013/09/04/ PY - 2013/03/14/received PY - 2013/08/23/revised PY - 2013/08/28/accepted PY - 2013/9/26/entrez PY - 2013/9/26/pubmed PY - 2014/6/5/medline KW - Alcohol-related problems KW - College KW - Drinking KW - Perceived descriptive norms KW - Restraint KW - Temptation SP - 2918 EP - 23 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 38 IS - 12 N2 - Temptation and restraint have long been associated with problematic drinking. Among college students, social norms are one of the strongest predictors of problematic drinking. To date, no studies have examined the association between temptation and restraint and perceived descriptive norms on drinking and alcohol-related problems among college students. The purpose of this study was to examine whether perceived descriptive norms moderated the relationship between temptation and restraint and drinking outcomes among college students. Participants were 1095 college students from a large, public, culturally-diverse, southern university who completed an online survey about drinking behaviors and related attitudes. Drinks per week and alcohol-related problems were examined as a function of perceived descriptive norms, Cognitive Emotional Preoccupation (CEP) (temptation), and Cognitive Behavioral Control (CBC) (restraint). Additionally, drinking outcomes were examined as a function of the two-way interactions between CEP and perceived descriptive norms and CBC and perceived descriptive norms. Results indicated that CEP and perceived descriptive norms were associated with drinking outcomes. CBC was not associated with drinking outcomes. Additionally, perceived descriptive norms moderated the association between CEP and drinks per week and CEP and alcohol-related problems. There was a positive association between CEP and drinks per week and CEP and alcohol-related problems, especially for those higher on perceived descriptive norms. College students who are very tempted to drink may drink more heavily and experience alcohol-related problems more frequently if they have greater perceptions that the typical student at their university/college drinks a lot. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24064190/Social_influence_on_temptation:_perceived_descriptive_norms_temptation_and_restraint_and_problem_drinking_among_college_students_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(13)00250-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -