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Epidemiology of travelers' diarrhea and relative importance of various pathogens.
Rev Infect Dis. 1990 Jan-Feb; 12 Suppl 1:S73-9.RI

Abstract

Each year 12 million persons travel from an industrialized country to a developing country in the tropics or subtropics. These travelers experience a high rate of diarrhea caused by a wide variety of enteric pathogens acquired by ingestion of contaminated food or water. One or more pathogens can be found in the stool of a majority of ill individuals. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli generally are the most frequently identified pathogens, having been found in a median of 42% of travelers' diarrheal episodes in studies in Latin America, 36% in Africa, and 16% in Asia. Other pathogens that cause diarrhea in a smaller fraction of ill travelers include Shigella species, Salmonella species, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio, Aeromonas hydrophila, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, rotavirus, and 27-nm viruses, including Norwalk virus. Other organisms that may cause a fraction of the episodes of travelers' diarrhea include Plesiomonas shigelloides, enteroadherent E. coli, adenovirus or other viruses, and Cryptosporidium. Mixed infections of two or more of these pathogens also occur.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of International Health, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21205.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2406860

Citation

Black, R E.. "Epidemiology of Travelers' Diarrhea and Relative Importance of Various Pathogens." Reviews of Infectious Diseases, vol. 12 Suppl 1, 1990, pp. S73-9.
Black RE. Epidemiology of travelers' diarrhea and relative importance of various pathogens. Rev Infect Dis. 1990;12 Suppl 1:S73-9.
Black, R. E. (1990). Epidemiology of travelers' diarrhea and relative importance of various pathogens. Reviews of Infectious Diseases, 12 Suppl 1, S73-9.
Black RE. Epidemiology of Travelers' Diarrhea and Relative Importance of Various Pathogens. Rev Infect Dis. 1990;12 Suppl 1:S73-9. PubMed PMID: 2406860.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Epidemiology of travelers' diarrhea and relative importance of various pathogens. A1 - Black,R E, PY - 1990/1/1/pubmed PY - 1990/1/1/medline PY - 1990/1/1/entrez SP - S73 EP - 9 JF - Reviews of infectious diseases JO - Rev. Infect. Dis. VL - 12 Suppl 1 N2 - Each year 12 million persons travel from an industrialized country to a developing country in the tropics or subtropics. These travelers experience a high rate of diarrhea caused by a wide variety of enteric pathogens acquired by ingestion of contaminated food or water. One or more pathogens can be found in the stool of a majority of ill individuals. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli generally are the most frequently identified pathogens, having been found in a median of 42% of travelers' diarrheal episodes in studies in Latin America, 36% in Africa, and 16% in Asia. Other pathogens that cause diarrhea in a smaller fraction of ill travelers include Shigella species, Salmonella species, Campylobacter jejuni, Vibrio, Aeromonas hydrophila, Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia lamblia, rotavirus, and 27-nm viruses, including Norwalk virus. Other organisms that may cause a fraction of the episodes of travelers' diarrhea include Plesiomonas shigelloides, enteroadherent E. coli, adenovirus or other viruses, and Cryptosporidium. Mixed infections of two or more of these pathogens also occur. SN - 0162-0886 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2406860/full_citation L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/2258 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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