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Vegetarianism: advantages and drawbacks in patients with chronic kidney diseases.
J Ren Nutr 2013; 23(6):399-405JR

Abstract

Vegetarian diet is a very old practice that is liable to confer some health benefits. Recent studies have demonstrated that modification of the dietary pattern with a reduction of animal protein intake and increased consumption of plant-based foods could influence cardiovascular risk profile and mortality rate. Moreover, phosphate bioavailability from plant proteins is reduced. These statements could lead to some benefits for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This review summarizes the characteristics and benefits of vegetarian diets in the general population and the potential beneficial effects of such a diet on phosphate balance, insulin sensitivity, and the control of metabolic acidosis in CKD patients. Potential drawbacks exist when a vegetarian diet is associated with protein intake that is too restrictive and/or insufficient energy intake, justifying an early and regular nutritional follow-up jointly assumed by a nephrologist and a renal dietitian.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Service de Néphrologie Transplantation Dialyse, Centre Hospitalier, Universitaire de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France. Electronic address: Ph.chauveau@gmail.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24070587

Citation

Chauveau, Philippe, et al. "Vegetarianism: Advantages and Drawbacks in Patients With Chronic Kidney Diseases." Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council On Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, vol. 23, no. 6, 2013, pp. 399-405.
Chauveau P, Combe C, Fouque D, et al. Vegetarianism: advantages and drawbacks in patients with chronic kidney diseases. J Ren Nutr. 2013;23(6):399-405.
Chauveau, P., Combe, C., Fouque, D., & Aparicio, M. (2013). Vegetarianism: advantages and drawbacks in patients with chronic kidney diseases. Journal of Renal Nutrition : the Official Journal of the Council On Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation, 23(6), pp. 399-405. doi:10.1053/j.jrn.2013.08.004.
Chauveau P, et al. Vegetarianism: Advantages and Drawbacks in Patients With Chronic Kidney Diseases. J Ren Nutr. 2013;23(6):399-405. PubMed PMID: 24070587.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetarianism: advantages and drawbacks in patients with chronic kidney diseases. AU - Chauveau,Philippe, AU - Combe,Christian, AU - Fouque,Denis, AU - Aparicio,Michel, Y1 - 2013/09/23/ PY - 2013/04/18/received PY - 2013/08/05/revised PY - 2013/08/11/accepted PY - 2013/9/28/entrez PY - 2013/9/28/pubmed PY - 2014/6/17/medline SP - 399 EP - 405 JF - Journal of renal nutrition : the official journal of the Council on Renal Nutrition of the National Kidney Foundation JO - J Ren Nutr VL - 23 IS - 6 N2 - Vegetarian diet is a very old practice that is liable to confer some health benefits. Recent studies have demonstrated that modification of the dietary pattern with a reduction of animal protein intake and increased consumption of plant-based foods could influence cardiovascular risk profile and mortality rate. Moreover, phosphate bioavailability from plant proteins is reduced. These statements could lead to some benefits for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. This review summarizes the characteristics and benefits of vegetarian diets in the general population and the potential beneficial effects of such a diet on phosphate balance, insulin sensitivity, and the control of metabolic acidosis in CKD patients. Potential drawbacks exist when a vegetarian diet is associated with protein intake that is too restrictive and/or insufficient energy intake, justifying an early and regular nutritional follow-up jointly assumed by a nephrologist and a renal dietitian. SN - 1532-8503 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24070587/Vegetarianism:_advantages_and_drawbacks_in_patients_with_chronic_kidney_diseases_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1051-2276(13)00159-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -