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Mortality and recurrence risk in relation to the use of lipid-lowering drugs in a prospective breast cancer patient cohort.
PLoS One 2013; 8(9):e75088Plos

Abstract

Lipid-lowering drugs are used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Statins are the most commonly used lipid-lowering drugs. Evidence from preclinical and observational studies suggests that statins might improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients. We analyzed data from the German MARIEplus study, a large prospective population-based cohort of patients aged 50 and older, who were diagnosed with breast cancer between 2001 and 2005. For overall mortality, breast-cancer specific mortality, and non-breast-cancer mortality, we included 3189 patients with invasive breast cancer stage I-IV, and for recurrence risk 3024 patients with breast cancer stage I-III. We used Cox proportional hazards models to assess the association with self-reported lipid-lowering drug use at recruitment. We stratified by study region, tumor grade, and estrogen/progesterone receptor status, and adjusted for age, tumor size, nodal status, metastases (stage I-IV only), menopausal hormone treatment, mode of detection, radiotherapy, and smoking. Mortality analyses were additionally adjusted for cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and body-mass index. During a median follow-up of 5.3 years, 404 of 3189 stage I-IV patients died, and 286 deaths were attributed to breast cancer. Self-reported use of lipid-lowering drugs was non-significantly associated with increased non-breast cancer mortality (Hazard ratio (HR) 1.49, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-2.52) and increased overall mortality (HR 1.21, 95% CI 0.87-1.69) whereas no association with breast cancer-specific mortality was found (HR 1.04, 0.67-1.60). Restricted to stage I-III breast cancer patients, 387 recurrences occurred during a median follow-up of 5.4 years. We found lipid-lowering drug use to be non-significantly associated with a reduced risk of recurrence (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.54-1.24) and of breast cancer-specific mortality (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.52-1.49). Although compatible with previous findings of an improved prognosis associated with statin use, our results do not provide clear supportive evidence for an association with lipid-lowering drug use due to imprecise estimates.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Cancer Epidemiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24086446

Citation

Nickels, Stefan, et al. "Mortality and Recurrence Risk in Relation to the Use of Lipid-lowering Drugs in a Prospective Breast Cancer Patient Cohort." PloS One, vol. 8, no. 9, 2013, pp. e75088.
Nickels S, Vrieling A, Seibold P, et al. Mortality and recurrence risk in relation to the use of lipid-lowering drugs in a prospective breast cancer patient cohort. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(9):e75088.
Nickels, S., Vrieling, A., Seibold, P., Heinz, J., Obi, N., Flesch-Janys, D., & Chang-Claude, J. (2013). Mortality and recurrence risk in relation to the use of lipid-lowering drugs in a prospective breast cancer patient cohort. PloS One, 8(9), pp. e75088. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075088.
Nickels S, et al. Mortality and Recurrence Risk in Relation to the Use of Lipid-lowering Drugs in a Prospective Breast Cancer Patient Cohort. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(9):e75088. PubMed PMID: 24086446.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality and recurrence risk in relation to the use of lipid-lowering drugs in a prospective breast cancer patient cohort. AU - Nickels,Stefan, AU - Vrieling,Alina, AU - Seibold,Petra, AU - Heinz,Judith, AU - Obi,Nadia, AU - Flesch-Janys,Dieter, AU - Chang-Claude,Jenny, Y1 - 2013/09/25/ PY - 2013/06/04/received PY - 2013/08/12/accepted PY - 2013/10/3/entrez PY - 2013/10/3/pubmed PY - 2014/7/8/medline SP - e75088 EP - e75088 JF - PloS one JO - PLoS ONE VL - 8 IS - 9 N2 - Lipid-lowering drugs are used for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Statins are the most commonly used lipid-lowering drugs. Evidence from preclinical and observational studies suggests that statins might improve the prognosis of breast cancer patients. We analyzed data from the German MARIEplus study, a large prospective population-based cohort of patients aged 50 and older, who were diagnosed with breast cancer between 2001 and 2005. For overall mortality, breast-cancer specific mortality, and non-breast-cancer mortality, we included 3189 patients with invasive breast cancer stage I-IV, and for recurrence risk 3024 patients with breast cancer stage I-III. We used Cox proportional hazards models to assess the association with self-reported lipid-lowering drug use at recruitment. We stratified by study region, tumor grade, and estrogen/progesterone receptor status, and adjusted for age, tumor size, nodal status, metastases (stage I-IV only), menopausal hormone treatment, mode of detection, radiotherapy, and smoking. Mortality analyses were additionally adjusted for cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus and body-mass index. During a median follow-up of 5.3 years, 404 of 3189 stage I-IV patients died, and 286 deaths were attributed to breast cancer. Self-reported use of lipid-lowering drugs was non-significantly associated with increased non-breast cancer mortality (Hazard ratio (HR) 1.49, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.88-2.52) and increased overall mortality (HR 1.21, 95% CI 0.87-1.69) whereas no association with breast cancer-specific mortality was found (HR 1.04, 0.67-1.60). Restricted to stage I-III breast cancer patients, 387 recurrences occurred during a median follow-up of 5.4 years. We found lipid-lowering drug use to be non-significantly associated with a reduced risk of recurrence (HR 0.83, 95% CI 0.54-1.24) and of breast cancer-specific mortality (HR 0.89, 95% CI 0.52-1.49). Although compatible with previous findings of an improved prognosis associated with statin use, our results do not provide clear supportive evidence for an association with lipid-lowering drug use due to imprecise estimates. SN - 1932-6203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24086446/Mortality_and_recurrence_risk_in_relation_to_the_use_of_lipid_lowering_drugs_in_a_prospective_breast_cancer_patient_cohort_ L2 - http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075088 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -