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Racial disparities in red meat and poultry intake and breast cancer risk.

Abstract

PURPOSE

Research on the role of red meat and poultry consumption in breast carcinogenesis is inconclusive, but the evidence in African-American (AA) women is lacking. The association between consuming meat and breast cancer risk was examined in the Women's Circle of Health Study involving 803 AA cases, 889 AA controls, 755 Caucasian cases, and 701 Caucasian controls.

METHODS

Dietary information was collected using a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from logistic regression models adjusting for potential covariates.

RESULTS

Comparing the fourth versus the first quartiles, among Caucasian women, processed meat (OR = 1.48; 95 % CI 1.07-2.04), unprocessed red meat (OR = 1.40; 95 % CI 1.01-1.94), and poultry intakes (OR = 1.42; 95 % CI 1.01-1.99) increased breast cancer risk. Risk associated with poultry intake was more dominant in premenopausal women (OR = 2.33; 95 % CI 1.44-3.77) and for women with ER- tumors (OR = 2.55; 95 % CI 1.29-5.03) in the Caucasian group. Associations in AA women were mostly null except for a significant increased risk trend with processed meat consumption for ER+ tumors (OR = 1.36; 95 % CI 0.94-1.97, p trend = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS

Overall, associations between breast cancer risk and consumption of red meat and poultry were of different magnitude in AA and Caucasian women, with further differences noted by menopausal and hormone receptor status in Caucasian women. This is the first study to examine racial differences in meat and breast cancer risk and represents some of the first evidence in AA women.

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  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, 195 Little Albany St, Room 5549-10, New Brunswick, NJ, 08903, USA, chandrur@cinj.rutgers.edu.

    , , , , , , , ,

    Source

    Cancer causes & control : CCC 24:12 2013 Dec pg 2217-29

    MeSH

    Adult
    African Americans
    Aged
    Animals
    Breast Neoplasms
    Case-Control Studies
    Diet
    European Continental Ancestry Group
    Female
    Follow-Up Studies
    Health Status Disparities
    Humans
    Meat
    Menopause
    Middle Aged
    Poultry
    Prognosis
    Risk Factors
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Comparative Study
    Journal Article
    Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24091794

    Citation

    Chandran, Urmila, et al. "Racial Disparities in Red Meat and Poultry Intake and Breast Cancer Risk." Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, vol. 24, no. 12, 2013, pp. 2217-29.
    Chandran U, Zirpoli G, Ciupak G, et al. Racial disparities in red meat and poultry intake and breast cancer risk. Cancer Causes Control. 2013;24(12):2217-29.
    Chandran, U., Zirpoli, G., Ciupak, G., McCann, S. E., Gong, Z., Pawlish, K., ... Bandera, E. V. (2013). Racial disparities in red meat and poultry intake and breast cancer risk. Cancer Causes & Control : CCC, 24(12), pp. 2217-29. doi:10.1007/s10552-013-0299-5.
    Chandran U, et al. Racial Disparities in Red Meat and Poultry Intake and Breast Cancer Risk. Cancer Causes Control. 2013;24(12):2217-29. PubMed PMID: 24091794.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Racial disparities in red meat and poultry intake and breast cancer risk. AU - Chandran,Urmila, AU - Zirpoli,Gary, AU - Ciupak,Gregory, AU - McCann,Susan E, AU - Gong,Zhihong, AU - Pawlish,Karen, AU - Lin,Yong, AU - Demissie,Kitaw, AU - Ambrosone,Christine B, AU - Bandera,Elisa V, Y1 - 2013/10/05/ PY - 2013/04/12/received PY - 2013/09/26/accepted PY - 2013/10/5/entrez PY - 2013/10/5/pubmed PY - 2014/6/20/medline SP - 2217 EP - 29 JF - Cancer causes & control : CCC JO - Cancer Causes Control VL - 24 IS - 12 N2 - PURPOSE: Research on the role of red meat and poultry consumption in breast carcinogenesis is inconclusive, but the evidence in African-American (AA) women is lacking. The association between consuming meat and breast cancer risk was examined in the Women's Circle of Health Study involving 803 AA cases, 889 AA controls, 755 Caucasian cases, and 701 Caucasian controls. METHODS: Dietary information was collected using a Food Frequency Questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) and 95 % confidence intervals (CI) were obtained from logistic regression models adjusting for potential covariates. RESULTS: Comparing the fourth versus the first quartiles, among Caucasian women, processed meat (OR = 1.48; 95 % CI 1.07-2.04), unprocessed red meat (OR = 1.40; 95 % CI 1.01-1.94), and poultry intakes (OR = 1.42; 95 % CI 1.01-1.99) increased breast cancer risk. Risk associated with poultry intake was more dominant in premenopausal women (OR = 2.33; 95 % CI 1.44-3.77) and for women with ER- tumors (OR = 2.55; 95 % CI 1.29-5.03) in the Caucasian group. Associations in AA women were mostly null except for a significant increased risk trend with processed meat consumption for ER+ tumors (OR = 1.36; 95 % CI 0.94-1.97, p trend = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, associations between breast cancer risk and consumption of red meat and poultry were of different magnitude in AA and Caucasian women, with further differences noted by menopausal and hormone receptor status in Caucasian women. This is the first study to examine racial differences in meat and breast cancer risk and represents some of the first evidence in AA women. SN - 1573-7225 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24091794/Racial_disparities_in_red_meat_and_poultry_intake_and_breast_cancer_risk_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-013-0299-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -