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Young children understand and defend the entitlements of others.
J Exp Child Psychol. 2013 Dec; 116(4):930-44.JE

Abstract

Human social life is structured by social norms creating both obligations and entitlements. Recent research has found that young children enforce simple obligations against norm violators by protesting. It is not known, however, whether they understand entitlements in the sense that they will actively object to a second party attempting to interfere in something that a third party is entitled to do-what we call counter-protest. In two studies, we found that 3-year-old children understand when a person is entitled to do something, and so they actively defend this person's entitlement against unjustified interference from second parties. In some cases, they even enforce second-order entitlements, for example, in the case of ownership where an owner is entitled to entitle others to use the owner's property.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Developmental and Comparative Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. Electronic address: marco_schmidt@eva.mpg.de.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24094684

Citation

Schmidt, Marco F H., et al. "Young Children Understand and Defend the Entitlements of Others." Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 116, no. 4, 2013, pp. 930-44.
Schmidt MF, Rakoczy H, Tomasello M. Young children understand and defend the entitlements of others. J Exp Child Psychol. 2013;116(4):930-44.
Schmidt, M. F., Rakoczy, H., & Tomasello, M. (2013). Young children understand and defend the entitlements of others. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 116(4), 930-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2013.06.013
Schmidt MF, Rakoczy H, Tomasello M. Young Children Understand and Defend the Entitlements of Others. J Exp Child Psychol. 2013;116(4):930-44. PubMed PMID: 24094684.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Young children understand and defend the entitlements of others. AU - Schmidt,Marco F H, AU - Rakoczy,Hannes, AU - Tomasello,Michael, Y1 - 2013/10/03/ PY - 2013/02/21/received PY - 2013/05/31/revised PY - 2013/06/25/accepted PY - 2013/10/8/entrez PY - 2013/10/8/pubmed PY - 2014/6/24/medline KW - Entitlement KW - Morality KW - Norm enforcement KW - Normativity KW - Ownership KW - Rights KW - Social norms SP - 930 EP - 44 JF - Journal of experimental child psychology JO - J Exp Child Psychol VL - 116 IS - 4 N2 - Human social life is structured by social norms creating both obligations and entitlements. Recent research has found that young children enforce simple obligations against norm violators by protesting. It is not known, however, whether they understand entitlements in the sense that they will actively object to a second party attempting to interfere in something that a third party is entitled to do-what we call counter-protest. In two studies, we found that 3-year-old children understand when a person is entitled to do something, and so they actively defend this person's entitlement against unjustified interference from second parties. In some cases, they even enforce second-order entitlements, for example, in the case of ownership where an owner is entitled to entitle others to use the owner's property. SN - 1096-0457 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24094684/Young_children_understand_and_defend_the_entitlements_of_others_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-0965(13)00175-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -