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An experimental study on the effects of peer drinking norms on adolescents' drinker prototypes.
Addict Behav. 2014 Jan; 39(1):85-93.AB

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Adolescents form impressions about the type of peers who drink (i.e., drinker prototypes). The evaluation of, and perceived similarity to these prototypes are related to adolescents' drinking. Peer drinking norms play an important role in the formation of prototypes. We experimentally examined whether manipulation of peer norms changed the evaluation of and perceived similarity to drinker prototypes and whether these changes were moderated by peers' popularity.

METHODS

In a pre-test, we assessed heavy drinker, moderate drinker and abstainer prototypes, drinking behaviors and peer-perceived popularity among 599 adolescents. Additionally, 88 boys from this sample participated in a simulated chat room, in which they interacted with peers from school. These peers were in fact pre-programmed e-confederates, who were either popular or unpopular and who communicated either pro-alcohol or anti-alcohol norms. After the chat room interaction we assessed participants' drinker prototypes.

RESULTS

Participants exposed to anti-alcohol norms were more negative about, and perceived themselves as less similar to heavy drinker prototypes, than participants exposed to pro-alcohol norms. We found no effects of peer norms on moderate drinker and abstainer prototypes. Effects were not moderated by peers' popularity. We did find a main effect of popularity on perceived similarity to all prototypes. This indicated that participants rated themselves as more similar to heavy and moderate drinker prototypes and less similar to abstainer prototypes when they interacted with unpopular peers than with popular peers.

CONCLUSIONS

Exposure to anti-alcohol norms of peers leads adolescents to form more negative prototypes of the heavy drinker. This could be an important finding for prevention and intervention programs aimed to reduce alcohol consumption among adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Department of Developmental Psychopathology, Post Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: H.Teunissen@pwo.ru.nl.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24104050

Citation

Teunissen, Hanneke A., et al. "An Experimental Study On the Effects of Peer Drinking Norms On Adolescents' Drinker Prototypes." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 39, no. 1, 2014, pp. 85-93.
Teunissen HA, Spijkerman R, Cohen GL, et al. An experimental study on the effects of peer drinking norms on adolescents' drinker prototypes. Addict Behav. 2014;39(1):85-93.
Teunissen, H. A., Spijkerman, R., Cohen, G. L., Prinstein, M. J., Engels, R. C., & Scholte, R. H. (2014). An experimental study on the effects of peer drinking norms on adolescents' drinker prototypes. Addictive Behaviors, 39(1), 85-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.08.034
Teunissen HA, et al. An Experimental Study On the Effects of Peer Drinking Norms On Adolescents' Drinker Prototypes. Addict Behav. 2014;39(1):85-93. PubMed PMID: 24104050.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - An experimental study on the effects of peer drinking norms on adolescents' drinker prototypes. AU - Teunissen,Hanneke A, AU - Spijkerman,Renske, AU - Cohen,Geoffrey L, AU - Prinstein,Mitchell J, AU - Engels,Rutger C M E, AU - Scholte,Ron H J, Y1 - 2013/09/07/ PY - 2013/05/23/received PY - 2013/08/08/revised PY - 2013/08/30/accepted PY - 2013/10/10/entrez PY - 2013/10/10/pubmed PY - 2014/9/1/medline KW - Adolescents KW - Drinker prototypes KW - Peer influence KW - Peer norms KW - Peer popularity SP - 85 EP - 93 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 39 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Adolescents form impressions about the type of peers who drink (i.e., drinker prototypes). The evaluation of, and perceived similarity to these prototypes are related to adolescents' drinking. Peer drinking norms play an important role in the formation of prototypes. We experimentally examined whether manipulation of peer norms changed the evaluation of and perceived similarity to drinker prototypes and whether these changes were moderated by peers' popularity. METHODS: In a pre-test, we assessed heavy drinker, moderate drinker and abstainer prototypes, drinking behaviors and peer-perceived popularity among 599 adolescents. Additionally, 88 boys from this sample participated in a simulated chat room, in which they interacted with peers from school. These peers were in fact pre-programmed e-confederates, who were either popular or unpopular and who communicated either pro-alcohol or anti-alcohol norms. After the chat room interaction we assessed participants' drinker prototypes. RESULTS: Participants exposed to anti-alcohol norms were more negative about, and perceived themselves as less similar to heavy drinker prototypes, than participants exposed to pro-alcohol norms. We found no effects of peer norms on moderate drinker and abstainer prototypes. Effects were not moderated by peers' popularity. We did find a main effect of popularity on perceived similarity to all prototypes. This indicated that participants rated themselves as more similar to heavy and moderate drinker prototypes and less similar to abstainer prototypes when they interacted with unpopular peers than with popular peers. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to anti-alcohol norms of peers leads adolescents to form more negative prototypes of the heavy drinker. This could be an important finding for prevention and intervention programs aimed to reduce alcohol consumption among adolescents. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24104050/An_experimental_study_on_the_effects_of_peer_drinking_norms_on_adolescents'_drinker_prototypes_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(13)00257-8 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -