Management specificities of congenital laryngeal stenosis: external and endoscopic approaches.Laryngoscope 2014; 124(4):1013-8L
This study aimed to report our experience in the management of congenital laryngeal stenosis and to compare our series and results to published data in the literature.
Retrospective case series. Tertiary referral center for rare pediatric head and neck malformations.
Medical charts of patients diagnosed with congenital laryngeal stenosis in our institution were reviewed over a 15-year period, from 1996 to 2011. Surgical treatment consisted of an endoscopic procedure, open laryngeal surgery (OLS), or a combination of both.
Sixteen patients met the inclusion criteria for the study and were divided in two groups: the endoscopic laryngoplasty (EL) group, with patients who underwent the endoscopic procedure as first-line treatment, and the OLS group, whose patients underwent open laryngoplasty with cartilage graft as first-line treatment. Each group contained eight patients with grade II to IV congenital stenosis. All patients, except one in the EL group, achieved a good result (<50% residual stenosis) at the end of the follow-up.
This case series suggests that EL, with incision of the subglottic laryngeal cartilages with cold steel instruments and balloon dilation, is a safe and effective treatment for congenital laryngeal stenosis grade II to IV. This procedure could be considered as an alternative option to OLS, even as a first-line procedure. An endoscopic procedure does not preclude the possibility for an open laryngeal procedure in case of failure. A prolonged follow-up is mandatory.
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