The clinical relevance of outcomes used in late-onset Pompe disease: can we do better?Orphanet J Rare Dis. 2013 Oct 12; 8:160.OJ
Pompe disease/glycogen storage disease type II, is a rare, lysosomal storage disorder associated with progressive proximal myopathy, causing a gradual loss of muscular function and respiratory insufficiency. Studies of patients with late-onset Pompe disease have used endpoints such as the 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and forced vital capacity (FVC) to assess muscular and respiratory function during disease progression or treatment. However, the relevance of these markers to late-onset Pompe disease and the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for these endpoints in late-onset Pompe disease have not yet been established. A literature search was carried out to identify studies reporting the MCID (absolute and relative) for the 6MWT and FVC in other diseases. The MCIDs determined in studies of chronic respiratory diseases were used to analyze the results of clinical studies of enzyme replacement therapy in late-onset Pompe disease. In 9 of the 10 late-onset Pompe disease studies reviewed, changes from baseline in the 6MWT were above or within the MCID established in respiratory diseases. Clinical improvement was perceived by patients in 6 of the 10 studies. In 6 of the 9 late-onset Pompe disease studies that reported FVC, the changes from baseline in percentage predicted FVC were above or within the MCID established in respiratory diseases and the difference was perceived as either an improvement or stabilization by patients. However, applying the 6MWT and FVC MCIDs from studies of chronic respiratory diseases to late-onset Pompe disease has several important limitations. Outcome measures in muscular dystrophies include composite measures of muscle function and gait, as well as Rasch-designed and validated tools to assess disease-related quality of life and activities of daily living. Given that the relevance to patients with late-onset Pompe disease of the 6MWT or FVC MCIDs established for chronic respiratory diseases is unclear, these measures should be evaluated specifically in late-onset Pompe disease and alternative outcome measures more specific to neuromuscular disease considered.