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Regulation of baboon fetal ovarian development by placental estrogen: onset of puberty is delayed in offspring deprived of estrogen in utero.
Biol Reprod. 2013 Dec; 89(6):132.BR

Abstract

Using the baboon as a model for studies of human reproductive biology, we previously showed that placental estrogen regulates fetal ovarian follicle development. In this study, offspring of baboons untreated or treated in utero with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole (estradiol reduced >95%) or letrozole and estradiol were reared to adulthood to determine whether estrogen programming of the fetal ovary impacted puberty and reproduction in adulthood. All offspring exhibited normal growth and blood pressure/chemistries. Puberty onset in untreated baboons (43.2 ± 1.4 mo) was delayed (P < 0.01) in animals of letrozole-treated mothers (49.0 ± 1.2 mo) and normal in offspring of mothers treated with letrozole and estradiol (42.7 ± 0.8 mo). During the first 2 yr postmenarche, menstrual cycles in estrogen-suppressed animals (43.2 ± 1.3 days) were longer (P < 0.05) than in untreated baboons (38.3 ± 0.5 days) or those treated with letrozole and estrogen (39.6 ± 0.8 days). Moreover, in estrogen-suppressed offspring, serum levels of estradiol were lower and follicle-stimulating hormone greater (P < 0.05) in the follicular and luteal phases, and the elevation in luteal-phase progesterone extended (P < 0.02). Thus, puberty onset was delayed and menstrual cycles prolonged and associated with altered serum hormone levels in baboon offspring that developed in an intrauterine environment in which estradiol levels were suppressed. Because puberty and follicle development, as shown previously, were normal in baboons treated in utero with letrozole and estradiol, we propose that fetal ovarian development and timely onset of puberty in the primate is programmed by fetal exposure to placental estrogen.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Physiological Sciences, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24132960

Citation

Pepe, Gerald J., et al. "Regulation of Baboon Fetal Ovarian Development By Placental Estrogen: Onset of Puberty Is Delayed in Offspring Deprived of Estrogen in Utero." Biology of Reproduction, vol. 89, no. 6, 2013, p. 132.
Pepe GJ, Lynch TJ, Albrecht ED. Regulation of baboon fetal ovarian development by placental estrogen: onset of puberty is delayed in offspring deprived of estrogen in utero. Biol Reprod. 2013;89(6):132.
Pepe, G. J., Lynch, T. J., & Albrecht, E. D. (2013). Regulation of baboon fetal ovarian development by placental estrogen: onset of puberty is delayed in offspring deprived of estrogen in utero. Biology of Reproduction, 89(6), 132. https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.112.107318
Pepe GJ, Lynch TJ, Albrecht ED. Regulation of Baboon Fetal Ovarian Development By Placental Estrogen: Onset of Puberty Is Delayed in Offspring Deprived of Estrogen in Utero. Biol Reprod. 2013;89(6):132. PubMed PMID: 24132960.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Regulation of baboon fetal ovarian development by placental estrogen: onset of puberty is delayed in offspring deprived of estrogen in utero. AU - Pepe,Gerald J, AU - Lynch,Terrie J, AU - Albrecht,Eugene D, Y1 - 2013/12/05/ PY - 2013/10/18/entrez PY - 2013/10/18/pubmed PY - 2014/8/27/medline KW - estradiol KW - ovary KW - pregnancy KW - primate KW - puberty SP - 132 EP - 132 JF - Biology of reproduction JO - Biol Reprod VL - 89 IS - 6 N2 - Using the baboon as a model for studies of human reproductive biology, we previously showed that placental estrogen regulates fetal ovarian follicle development. In this study, offspring of baboons untreated or treated in utero with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole (estradiol reduced >95%) or letrozole and estradiol were reared to adulthood to determine whether estrogen programming of the fetal ovary impacted puberty and reproduction in adulthood. All offspring exhibited normal growth and blood pressure/chemistries. Puberty onset in untreated baboons (43.2 ± 1.4 mo) was delayed (P < 0.01) in animals of letrozole-treated mothers (49.0 ± 1.2 mo) and normal in offspring of mothers treated with letrozole and estradiol (42.7 ± 0.8 mo). During the first 2 yr postmenarche, menstrual cycles in estrogen-suppressed animals (43.2 ± 1.3 days) were longer (P < 0.05) than in untreated baboons (38.3 ± 0.5 days) or those treated with letrozole and estrogen (39.6 ± 0.8 days). Moreover, in estrogen-suppressed offspring, serum levels of estradiol were lower and follicle-stimulating hormone greater (P < 0.05) in the follicular and luteal phases, and the elevation in luteal-phase progesterone extended (P < 0.02). Thus, puberty onset was delayed and menstrual cycles prolonged and associated with altered serum hormone levels in baboon offspring that developed in an intrauterine environment in which estradiol levels were suppressed. Because puberty and follicle development, as shown previously, were normal in baboons treated in utero with letrozole and estradiol, we propose that fetal ovarian development and timely onset of puberty in the primate is programmed by fetal exposure to placental estrogen. SN - 1529-7268 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24132960/Regulation_of_baboon_fetal_ovarian_development_by_placental_estrogen:_onset_of_puberty_is_delayed_in_offspring_deprived_of_estrogen_in_utero_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/biolreprod/article-lookup/doi/10.1095/biolreprod.112.107318 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -