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The role of cognitive reserve in cognitive aging: results from the neurocognitive study on aging.

Abstract

The study tested the cognitive reserve hypothesis by quantifying cognitive reserve (CR) and subsequently determining its role in executive function and verbal episodic memory performance. A neuropsychological battery was administered to 383 Greek-Cypriot older adults. A multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) latent construct was utilized to define CR incorporating three indicators: years of education, vocabulary, and reading performance. Findings from two structural equation models supported the moderating role of CR in reducing the direct negative effect of age on verbal episodic memory and on executive function. The study illustrates a parsimonious way of defining CR and provides empirical support for the CR hypothesis.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    a Department of Psychology , University of Cyprus , Nicosia , Cyprus.

    ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Aged
    Aged, 80 and over
    Aging
    Cognitive Reserve
    Executive Function
    Female
    Humans
    Language Tests
    Longitudinal Studies
    Male
    Memory, Episodic
    Mental Status Schedule
    Middle Aged
    Models, Psychological
    Neuropsychological Tests
    Verbal Learning
    Vocabulary

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    24134146

    Citation

    TY - JOUR T1 - The role of cognitive reserve in cognitive aging: results from the neurocognitive study on aging. AU - Giogkaraki,Erasmia, AU - Michaelides,Michalis P, AU - Constantinidou,Fofi, Y1 - 2013/10/18/ PY - 2013/10/19/entrez PY - 2013/10/19/pubmed PY - 2014/7/25/medline SP - 1024 EP - 35 JF - Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology JO - J Clin Exp Neuropsychol VL - 35 IS - 10 N2 - The study tested the cognitive reserve hypothesis by quantifying cognitive reserve (CR) and subsequently determining its role in executive function and verbal episodic memory performance. A neuropsychological battery was administered to 383 Greek-Cypriot older adults. A multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) latent construct was utilized to define CR incorporating three indicators: years of education, vocabulary, and reading performance. Findings from two structural equation models supported the moderating role of CR in reducing the direct negative effect of age on verbal episodic memory and on executive function. The study illustrates a parsimonious way of defining CR and provides empirical support for the CR hypothesis. SN - 1744-411X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24134146/The_role_of_cognitive_reserve_in_cognitive_aging:_results_from_the_neurocognitive_study_on_aging_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/13803395.2013.847906 ER -