Is metabolic syndrome related with coronary artery disease severity and complexity: An observational study about IDF and AHA/NHLBI metabolic syndrome definitions.Cardiol J. 2014; 21(3):245-51.CJ
The aim of the present study was to assess the relation between metabolic syndrome (MS) and coronary artery disease (CAD) complexity, assessed by Syntax score (SS), and severity in non-diabetic patients with stable CAD who underwent coronary angiography, and to evaluate whether the MS defined by different definitions, including International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and American Heart Association/National Heart Lung Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) guidelines, similarly correlated with SS.
The present study is cross sectional and observational with prospective inclusion of 248 consecutive patients (157 male) who underwent coronary angiography due to stable CAD.
The prevalence of MS was 54.4% according to IDF definition and 50.4% according to AHA/NHLBI definition. MS score according to IDF definitions (r = 0.446, p < 0.001), MS score according to AHA/NHLBI definitions (r = 0.341, p < 0.001) were moderately correlated with SS. In Fisher r to z transformation test the correlations of the presence of MS according to IDF and AHA/NHLBI definitions with SS were not statistically significant (p = 0.168, z = -1.38). The systolic blood pressure (p < 0.001, B = 0.354, 95% CI = -0.308 to 0.228), diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.006, B = -0.194, 95% CI = -0.333 to -0.056), age (p = 0.014, B = 0.147, 95% CI = 0.029 to 0.264), left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.031, B = -0.150, 95% CI= -0.286 to -0.014), waist/hip circumference (p < 0.001, B = 45.713, 95% CI = 23.235 to 68.1919) and log10 high density lipoprotein (p < 0.001, B = -22.209, 95% CI = -33.298 to-11.119) were the independent predictors of SS in linear regression analysis.
MS is associated with the presence and complexity of CAD. Besides the presence of discrepancy in the limits of waist circumference, both IDF and AHA/NHLBI criteria were similarly correlated with CAD complexity.