Design, synthesis and evaluation of novel 4-dimethylamine flavonoid derivatives as potential multi-functional anti-Alzheimer agents.Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Dec 01; 21(23):7275-82.BM
A series of 4-dimethylamine flavonoid derivatives 5a-5r were designed, synthesized and evaluated as potential multi-functional anti-Alzheimer agents. The results showed that most of the synthesized compounds exhibited high acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activity at the micromolar range (IC50, 1.83-33.20 μM for AChE and 0.82-11.45 μM for BChE). A Lineweaver-Burk plot indicated a mixed-type inhibition for compound 5j with AChE, and molecular modeling study showed that 5j targeted both the catalytic active site (CAS) and the peripheral anionic site (PAS) of AChE. Besides, the derivatives showed potent self-induced Aβ aggregation inhibitory activity at 20 μM with percentage from 25% to 48%. In addition, some compounds (5j-5q) showed potent oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) ranging from 1.5- to 2.6-fold of the Trolox value. These compounds should be further investigated as multi-potent agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.