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Application of the protection motivation theory in predicting cigarette smoking among adolescents in China.
Addict Behav 2014; 39(1):181-8AB

Abstract

Reducing tobacco use among adolescents in China represents a significant challenge for global tobacco control. Existing behavioral theories developed in the West - such as the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) - may be useful tools to help tackle this challenge. We examined the relationships between PMT factors and self-reported cigarette smoking behavior and intention among a random sample of vocational high school students (N=553) in Wuhan, China. Tobacco-related perceptions were assessed using the PMT Scale for Adolescent Smoking. Among the total sample, 45% had initiated cigarette smoking, and 25% smoked in the past month. Among those who never smoked, 15% indicated being likely or very likely to smoke in a year. Multiple regression modeling analysis indicated the significance of the seven PMT constructs, the four PMT perceptions and the two PMT pathways in predicting intention to smoke and actual smoking behavior. Overall, perceived rewards of smoking, especially intrinsic rewards, were consistently positively related to smoking intentions and behavior, and self-efficacy to avoid smoking was negatively related to smoking. The current study suggests the utility of PMT for further research examining adolescent smoking. PMT-based smoking prevention and clinical smoking cessation intervention programs should focus more on adolescents' perceived rewards from smoking and perceived efficacy of not smoking to reduce their intention to and actual use of tobacco.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Chronic Disease Department, Wuhan Centers for Disease Prevention and Control, Wuhan 430022, China; Pediatric Prevention Research Center, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 4707 St. Antoine, Suite W534, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. Electronic address: samwhcdc@hotmail.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24157424

Citation

Yan, Yaqiong, et al. "Application of the Protection Motivation Theory in Predicting Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents in China." Addictive Behaviors, vol. 39, no. 1, 2014, pp. 181-8.
Yan Y, Jacques-Tiura AJ, Chen X, et al. Application of the protection motivation theory in predicting cigarette smoking among adolescents in China. Addict Behav. 2014;39(1):181-8.
Yan, Y., Jacques-Tiura, A. J., Chen, X., Xie, N., Chen, J., Yang, N., ... Macdonell, K. K. (2014). Application of the protection motivation theory in predicting cigarette smoking among adolescents in China. Addictive Behaviors, 39(1), pp. 181-8. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.09.027.
Yan Y, et al. Application of the Protection Motivation Theory in Predicting Cigarette Smoking Among Adolescents in China. Addict Behav. 2014;39(1):181-8. PubMed PMID: 24157424.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Application of the protection motivation theory in predicting cigarette smoking among adolescents in China. AU - Yan,Yaqiong, AU - Jacques-Tiura,Angela J, AU - Chen,Xinguang, AU - Xie,Nianhua, AU - Chen,Jing, AU - Yang,Niannian, AU - Gong,Jie, AU - Macdonell,Karen Kolmodin, Y1 - 2013/10/02/ PY - 2013/03/28/received PY - 2013/08/22/revised PY - 2013/09/09/accepted PY - 2013/10/26/entrez PY - 2013/10/26/pubmed PY - 2014/9/1/medline KW - Adolescents KW - China KW - Cigarette smoking KW - Protection Motivation Theory SP - 181 EP - 8 JF - Addictive behaviors JO - Addict Behav VL - 39 IS - 1 N2 - Reducing tobacco use among adolescents in China represents a significant challenge for global tobacco control. Existing behavioral theories developed in the West - such as the Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) - may be useful tools to help tackle this challenge. We examined the relationships between PMT factors and self-reported cigarette smoking behavior and intention among a random sample of vocational high school students (N=553) in Wuhan, China. Tobacco-related perceptions were assessed using the PMT Scale for Adolescent Smoking. Among the total sample, 45% had initiated cigarette smoking, and 25% smoked in the past month. Among those who never smoked, 15% indicated being likely or very likely to smoke in a year. Multiple regression modeling analysis indicated the significance of the seven PMT constructs, the four PMT perceptions and the two PMT pathways in predicting intention to smoke and actual smoking behavior. Overall, perceived rewards of smoking, especially intrinsic rewards, were consistently positively related to smoking intentions and behavior, and self-efficacy to avoid smoking was negatively related to smoking. The current study suggests the utility of PMT for further research examining adolescent smoking. PMT-based smoking prevention and clinical smoking cessation intervention programs should focus more on adolescents' perceived rewards from smoking and perceived efficacy of not smoking to reduce their intention to and actual use of tobacco. SN - 1873-6327 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24157424/Application_of_the_protection_motivation_theory_in_predicting_cigarette_smoking_among_adolescents_in_China_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0306-4603(13)00297-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -