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Zoonotic chicken toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians governorates.
Pak J Biol Sci. 2012 Sep 01; 15(17):821-6.PJ

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common diseases prevalent in the world, caused by a coccidian parasite Toxoplasma gondii which infects humans, animals and birds. Poultry consider reliable human source of food in addition it is considered an intermediate host in transmission of the disease to humans. Trails of isolation of local T. gondii chicken strain through bioassay of the suspected infected chicken tissues in mice was carried out and the isolated strain was confirmed as being T. gondii using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Seroprevalence of antibodies against T. gondii in chicken sera in six Egyptian governorates were conducted by enzyme linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) using the isolated chicken strain antigen. Moreover, comparison between the prevalence rates in different regions of the Egyptian governorates were been estimated. Isolation of local T. gondii chicken strain was accomplished from chicken tissues and confirmed by PCR technique. The total prevalence rate was 68.8% comprised of 59.5, 82.3, 67.1, 62.2, 75 and 50% in El Sharkia, El Gharbia, Kafr El sheikh, Cairo, Quena and Sohag governorates, respectively. The prevalence rates were higher among Free Range (FR) (69.5%) than commercial farm Chickens (C) (68.5%); while, the prevalence rate was less in Upper Egypt than Lower Egypt governorates and Cairo. This study is the first was used antigen from locally isolated T. gondii chicken strain for the diagnosis of chicken toxoplasmosis. The higher seroprevalence particularly in free range chickens (house-reared) refers to the public health importance of chickens as source of zoonotic toxoplasmosis to human.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Veterinary Research, Department of Zoonotic Diseases, National Research Center, Giza, Egypt.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24163965

Citation

Barakat, Ashraf Mohamed, et al. "Zoonotic Chicken Toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians Governorates." Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences : PJBS, vol. 15, no. 17, 2012, pp. 821-6.
Barakat AM, Salem LM, El-Newishy AM, et al. Zoonotic chicken toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians governorates. Pak J Biol Sci. 2012;15(17):821-6.
Barakat, A. M., Salem, L. M., El-Newishy, A. M., Shaapan, R. M., & El-Mahllawy, E. K. (2012). Zoonotic chicken toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians governorates. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences : PJBS, 15(17), 821-6.
Barakat AM, et al. Zoonotic Chicken Toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians Governorates. Pak J Biol Sci. 2012 Sep 1;15(17):821-6. PubMed PMID: 24163965.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Zoonotic chicken toxoplasmosis in some Egyptians governorates. AU - Barakat,Ashraf Mohamed, AU - Salem,Lobna Mohamed Ali, AU - El-Newishy,Adel M Abdel-Aziz, AU - Shaapan,Raafat Mohamed, AU - El-Mahllawy,Ehab Kotb, PY - 2013/10/30/entrez PY - 2013/10/30/pubmed PY - 2013/11/8/medline SP - 821 EP - 6 JF - Pakistan journal of biological sciences : PJBS JO - Pak J Biol Sci VL - 15 IS - 17 N2 - Toxoplasmosis is one of the most common diseases prevalent in the world, caused by a coccidian parasite Toxoplasma gondii which infects humans, animals and birds. Poultry consider reliable human source of food in addition it is considered an intermediate host in transmission of the disease to humans. Trails of isolation of local T. gondii chicken strain through bioassay of the suspected infected chicken tissues in mice was carried out and the isolated strain was confirmed as being T. gondii using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). Seroprevalence of antibodies against T. gondii in chicken sera in six Egyptian governorates were conducted by enzyme linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) using the isolated chicken strain antigen. Moreover, comparison between the prevalence rates in different regions of the Egyptian governorates were been estimated. Isolation of local T. gondii chicken strain was accomplished from chicken tissues and confirmed by PCR technique. The total prevalence rate was 68.8% comprised of 59.5, 82.3, 67.1, 62.2, 75 and 50% in El Sharkia, El Gharbia, Kafr El sheikh, Cairo, Quena and Sohag governorates, respectively. The prevalence rates were higher among Free Range (FR) (69.5%) than commercial farm Chickens (C) (68.5%); while, the prevalence rate was less in Upper Egypt than Lower Egypt governorates and Cairo. This study is the first was used antigen from locally isolated T. gondii chicken strain for the diagnosis of chicken toxoplasmosis. The higher seroprevalence particularly in free range chickens (house-reared) refers to the public health importance of chickens as source of zoonotic toxoplasmosis to human. SN - 1028-8880 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24163965/Zoonotic_chicken_toxoplasmosis_in_some_Egyptians_governorates_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/foodborneillness.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -