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A longitudinal study of demographic factors associated with stressors and symptoms in African refugees.
Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2013 Oct; 83(4):472-82.AJ

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to assess differences in premigration, transit, and resettlement stressor exposure and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a function of demographic characteristics (i.e., gender, ethnicity, age, time in United States) and to examine the concurrent and longitudinal relations between stressor exposure and PTSD symptoms. The sample consisted of adult (18-78 years) Somali and Oromo refugee men and women (N = 437). Qualitative data regarding participants' self-nominated worst stressors collected at Time 2 (T2) informed the development of quantitative scales assessing premigration, transit, and resettlement stress created using items collected at Time 1 (T1). PTSD symptoms were measured at both T1 and T2. Quantitative analyses showed that levels of stressor exposure and PTSD symptoms differed as a function of refugee demographic characteristics. For example, Oromo, more recent, women, and older refugees reported more premigration and resettlement stressors. Oromo refugees and refugee men reported more PTSD symptoms in regression analyses with other factors controlled. Premigration, transit, and resettlement stressor exposure generally was associated with higher PTSD symptom levels. Results underscore the importance of assessing stress exposure comprehensively throughout the refugee experience and caution against overgeneralizing between and within refugee groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Minnesota.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24164519

Citation

Perera, Sulani, et al. "A Longitudinal Study of Demographic Factors Associated With Stressors and Symptoms in African Refugees." The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, vol. 83, no. 4, 2013, pp. 472-82.
Perera S, Gavian M, Frazier P, et al. A longitudinal study of demographic factors associated with stressors and symptoms in African refugees. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2013;83(4):472-82.
Perera, S., Gavian, M., Frazier, P., Johnson, D., Spring, M., Westermeyer, J., Butcher, J., Halcon, L., Robertson, C., Savik, K., & Jaranson, J. (2013). A longitudinal study of demographic factors associated with stressors and symptoms in African refugees. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 83(4), 472-82. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajop.12047
Perera S, et al. A Longitudinal Study of Demographic Factors Associated With Stressors and Symptoms in African Refugees. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2013;83(4):472-82. PubMed PMID: 24164519.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A longitudinal study of demographic factors associated with stressors and symptoms in African refugees. AU - Perera,Sulani, AU - Gavian,Margaret, AU - Frazier,Patricia, AU - Johnson,David, AU - Spring,Marline, AU - Westermeyer,Joseph, AU - Butcher,James, AU - Halcon,Linda, AU - Robertson,Cheryl, AU - Savik,Kay, AU - Jaranson,James, PY - 2013/10/30/entrez PY - 2013/10/30/pubmed PY - 2014/6/15/medline KW - Oromo KW - Somalia KW - acculturative stress KW - asylum seekers KW - gender-based violence KW - posttraumatic stress disorder KW - premigration stress KW - refugees KW - resettlement stress KW - torture KW - transit stress KW - war violence KW - witnessed violence SP - 472 EP - 82 JF - The American journal of orthopsychiatry JO - Am J Orthopsychiatry VL - 83 IS - 4 N2 - The objectives of this study were to assess differences in premigration, transit, and resettlement stressor exposure and post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms as a function of demographic characteristics (i.e., gender, ethnicity, age, time in United States) and to examine the concurrent and longitudinal relations between stressor exposure and PTSD symptoms. The sample consisted of adult (18-78 years) Somali and Oromo refugee men and women (N = 437). Qualitative data regarding participants' self-nominated worst stressors collected at Time 2 (T2) informed the development of quantitative scales assessing premigration, transit, and resettlement stress created using items collected at Time 1 (T1). PTSD symptoms were measured at both T1 and T2. Quantitative analyses showed that levels of stressor exposure and PTSD symptoms differed as a function of refugee demographic characteristics. For example, Oromo, more recent, women, and older refugees reported more premigration and resettlement stressors. Oromo refugees and refugee men reported more PTSD symptoms in regression analyses with other factors controlled. Premigration, transit, and resettlement stressor exposure generally was associated with higher PTSD symptom levels. Results underscore the importance of assessing stress exposure comprehensively throughout the refugee experience and caution against overgeneralizing between and within refugee groups. SN - 1939-0025 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24164519/A_longitudinal_study_of_demographic_factors_associated_with_stressors_and_symptoms_in_African_refugees_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/ort/83/4/472 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -