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Enhanced brain connectivity in math-gifted adolescents: An fMRI study using mental rotation.
Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Dec; 1(4):277-88.CN

Abstract

Mathematical giftedness is a form of intelligence related to enhanced mathematical reasoning that can be tested using a variety of numerical and spatial tasks. A number of neurobiological mechanisms related to exceptional mathematical reasoning ability have been postulated, including enhanced brain connectivity. We aimed to further investigate this possibility by comparing a group of mathematically gifted adolescents with an average math ability control group performing mental rotation of complex three-dimensional block figures. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were collected and differences in intrahemispheric and interhemispheric connectivity between the groups were assessed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The math-gifted showed heightened intrahemispheric frontoparietal connectivity, as well as enhanced interhemispheric frontal connectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal and premotor cortex. These enhanced connectivity patterns are consistent with previous studies linking increased activation of the frontal and parietal regions with high fluid intelligence, and may be a unique neural characteristic of the mathematically gifted brain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

a Howard Florey Institute, University of Melbourne , Victoria , Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24168381

Citation

Prescott, James, et al. "Enhanced Brain Connectivity in Math-gifted Adolescents: an fMRI Study Using Mental Rotation." Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 1, no. 4, 2010, pp. 277-88.
Prescott J, Gavrilescu M, Cunnington R, et al. Enhanced brain connectivity in math-gifted adolescents: An fMRI study using mental rotation. Cogn Neurosci. 2010;1(4):277-88.
Prescott, J., Gavrilescu, M., Cunnington, R., O'Boyle, M. W., & Egan, G. F. (2010). Enhanced brain connectivity in math-gifted adolescents: An fMRI study using mental rotation. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(4), 277-88. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2010.506951
Prescott J, et al. Enhanced Brain Connectivity in Math-gifted Adolescents: an fMRI Study Using Mental Rotation. Cogn Neurosci. 2010;1(4):277-88. PubMed PMID: 24168381.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Enhanced brain connectivity in math-gifted adolescents: An fMRI study using mental rotation. AU - Prescott,James, AU - Gavrilescu,Maria, AU - Cunnington,Ross, AU - O'Boyle,Michael W, AU - Egan,Gary F, Y1 - 2010/08/09/ PY - 2013/10/31/entrez PY - 2010/12/1/pubmed PY - 2010/12/1/medline SP - 277 EP - 88 JF - Cognitive neuroscience JO - Cogn Neurosci VL - 1 IS - 4 N2 - Mathematical giftedness is a form of intelligence related to enhanced mathematical reasoning that can be tested using a variety of numerical and spatial tasks. A number of neurobiological mechanisms related to exceptional mathematical reasoning ability have been postulated, including enhanced brain connectivity. We aimed to further investigate this possibility by comparing a group of mathematically gifted adolescents with an average math ability control group performing mental rotation of complex three-dimensional block figures. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data were collected and differences in intrahemispheric and interhemispheric connectivity between the groups were assessed using structural equation modeling (SEM). The math-gifted showed heightened intrahemispheric frontoparietal connectivity, as well as enhanced interhemispheric frontal connectivity between the dorsolateral prefrontal and premotor cortex. These enhanced connectivity patterns are consistent with previous studies linking increased activation of the frontal and parietal regions with high fluid intelligence, and may be a unique neural characteristic of the mathematically gifted brain. SN - 1758-8928 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24168381/Enhanced_brain_connectivity_in_math_gifted_adolescents:_An_fMRI_study_using_mental_rotation_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17588928.2010.506951 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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