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Psychosocial work factors and long sickness absence in Europe.
Int J Occup Environ Health 2014 Jan-Mar; 20(1):16-25IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Studies exploring a wide range of psychosocial work factors separately and together in association with long sickness absence are still lacking.

OBJECTIVES

The objective of this study was to explore the associations between psychosocial work factors measured following a comprehensive instrument (Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire, COPSOQ) and long sickness absence (> 7 days/year) in European employees of 34 countries. An additional objective was to study the differences in these associations according to gender and countries.

METHODS

The study population consisted of 16 120 male and 16 588 female employees from the 2010 European working conditions survey. Twenty-five psychosocial work factors were explored. Statistical analysis was performed using multilevel logistic regression models and interaction testing.

RESULTS

When studied together in the same model, factors related to job demands (quantitative demands and demands for hiding emotions), possibilities for development, social relationships (role conflicts, quality of leadership, social support, and sense of community), workplace violence (physical violence, bullying, and discrimination), shift work, and job promotion were associated with long sickness absence. Almost no difference was observed according to gender and country.

CONCLUSIONS

Comprehensive prevention policies oriented to psychosocial work factors may be useful to prevent long sickness absence at European level.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24176393

Citation

Slany, Corinna, et al. "Psychosocial Work Factors and Long Sickness Absence in Europe." International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, vol. 20, no. 1, 2014, pp. 16-25.
Slany C, Schütte S, Chastang JF, et al. Psychosocial work factors and long sickness absence in Europe. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2014;20(1):16-25.
Slany, C., Schütte, S., Chastang, J. F., Parent-Thirion, A., Vermeylen, G., & Niedhammer, I. (2014). Psychosocial work factors and long sickness absence in Europe. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 20(1), pp. 16-25.
Slany C, et al. Psychosocial Work Factors and Long Sickness Absence in Europe. Int J Occup Environ Health. 2014;20(1):16-25. PubMed PMID: 24176393.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychosocial work factors and long sickness absence in Europe. AU - Slany,Corinna, AU - Schütte,Stefanie, AU - Chastang,Jean-François, AU - Parent-Thirion,Agnès, AU - Vermeylen,Greet, AU - Niedhammer,Isabelle, PY - 2013/11/2/entrez PY - 2013/11/2/pubmed PY - 2014/5/16/medline SP - 16 EP - 25 JF - International journal of occupational and environmental health JO - Int J Occup Environ Health VL - 20 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Studies exploring a wide range of psychosocial work factors separately and together in association with long sickness absence are still lacking. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to explore the associations between psychosocial work factors measured following a comprehensive instrument (Copenhagen psychosocial questionnaire, COPSOQ) and long sickness absence (> 7 days/year) in European employees of 34 countries. An additional objective was to study the differences in these associations according to gender and countries. METHODS: The study population consisted of 16 120 male and 16 588 female employees from the 2010 European working conditions survey. Twenty-five psychosocial work factors were explored. Statistical analysis was performed using multilevel logistic regression models and interaction testing. RESULTS: When studied together in the same model, factors related to job demands (quantitative demands and demands for hiding emotions), possibilities for development, social relationships (role conflicts, quality of leadership, social support, and sense of community), workplace violence (physical violence, bullying, and discrimination), shift work, and job promotion were associated with long sickness absence. Almost no difference was observed according to gender and country. CONCLUSIONS: Comprehensive prevention policies oriented to psychosocial work factors may be useful to prevent long sickness absence at European level. SN - 1077-3525 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24176393/Psychosocial_work_factors_and_long_sickness_absence_in_Europe_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1179/2049396713Y.0000000048 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -