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Zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E virus in industrialized countries.
New Microbiol. 2013 Oct; 36(4):331-44.NM

Abstract

Hepatitis E is an infectious viral disease with clinical and morphological features of acute hepatitis. The disease represents an important public health problem in developing countries, where it is often related to outbreaks mainly associated with consumption of contaminated water. During recent years, an increasing number of sporadic cases have also been described in industrialized countries. Besides humans, the hepatitis E virus (HEV) has also been identified in animals. In 1997, the virus was first detected in swine, and is now considered ubiquitous. Human and swine HEV strains from the same geographical region present a high level of nucleotide identity, and experimental infections have confirmed the cross-species transmission of swine strains to humans and of human strains to non-human primates. Studies on anti-HEV antibodies detection have demonstrated that people working in contact with swine or wild boar have a higher risk of infection than normal blood donors. In Japan and more recently in France, cases of hepatitis E have been associated with ingestion of uncooked meat from pigs, wild boar, or deer. The disease is currently considered an emerging zoonosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Deptartment of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Rome, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24177295

Citation

Ruggeri, Franco Maria, et al. "Zoonotic Transmission of Hepatitis E Virus in Industrialized Countries." The New Microbiologica, vol. 36, no. 4, 2013, pp. 331-44.
Ruggeri FM, Di Bartolo I, Ponterio E, et al. Zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E virus in industrialized countries. New Microbiol. 2013;36(4):331-44.
Ruggeri, F. M., Di Bartolo, I., Ponterio, E., Angeloni, G., Trevisani, M., & Ostanello, F. (2013). Zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E virus in industrialized countries. The New Microbiologica, 36(4), 331-44.
Ruggeri FM, et al. Zoonotic Transmission of Hepatitis E Virus in Industrialized Countries. New Microbiol. 2013;36(4):331-44. PubMed PMID: 24177295.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Zoonotic transmission of hepatitis E virus in industrialized countries. AU - Ruggeri,Franco Maria, AU - Di Bartolo,Ilaria, AU - Ponterio,Eleonora, AU - Angeloni,Giorgia, AU - Trevisani,Marcello, AU - Ostanello,Fabio, Y1 - 2013/10/01/ PY - 2013/07/03/received PY - 2013/08/03/accepted PY - 2013/11/2/entrez PY - 2013/11/2/pubmed PY - 2014/2/22/medline SP - 331 EP - 44 JF - The new microbiologica JO - New Microbiol VL - 36 IS - 4 N2 - Hepatitis E is an infectious viral disease with clinical and morphological features of acute hepatitis. The disease represents an important public health problem in developing countries, where it is often related to outbreaks mainly associated with consumption of contaminated water. During recent years, an increasing number of sporadic cases have also been described in industrialized countries. Besides humans, the hepatitis E virus (HEV) has also been identified in animals. In 1997, the virus was first detected in swine, and is now considered ubiquitous. Human and swine HEV strains from the same geographical region present a high level of nucleotide identity, and experimental infections have confirmed the cross-species transmission of swine strains to humans and of human strains to non-human primates. Studies on anti-HEV antibodies detection have demonstrated that people working in contact with swine or wild boar have a higher risk of infection than normal blood donors. In Japan and more recently in France, cases of hepatitis E have been associated with ingestion of uncooked meat from pigs, wild boar, or deer. The disease is currently considered an emerging zoonosis. SN - 1121-7138 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24177295/Zoonotic_transmission_of_hepatitis_E_virus_in_industrialized_countries_ L2 - http://www.newmicrobiologica.org/PUB/allegati_pdf/2013/4/331.pdf DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -