Serum 25(OH)D and vitamin D status in relation to VDR, GC and CYP2R1 variants in Chinese.Endocr J. 2014; 61(2):133-41.EJ
Previous studies have identified several common genetic variants in VDR, GC and CYP2R1 to be associated with circulating levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and vitamin D deficiency in Western populations. We aimed to investigate the associations of these variants with serum levels of 25(OH)D and vitamin D status in 1,199 Chinese. Nine common variants of VDR, GC and CYP2R1 were genotyped using multiple SNaPshot assay, and serum 25(OH)D was detected by radioimmunoassay. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (<50 nmol/L) was 38.8%, which is higher in women (46.2%) than in men (34.3%, P<0.0001). The risk alleles of three common variants of GC (rs7041, rs4588, and rs2282679) were significantly associated with a lower serum levels of 25(OH)D (-1.789 ≤β ≤-3.549, P ≤0.006), while common variants in VDR and CYP2R1 were not associated with serum levels of 25(OH)D after adjusted for covariates (P ≥0.30). None of the nine common variants were associated with the presence of vitamin D deficiency in multivariable adjusted logistic regression analyses (P ≥0.17). Haplotype-based analyses of GC-rs7041 and rs4588 showed that the haplotype Gc2-2 (rs7041 AA and rs4588 TT) had the lowest levels of 25(OH)D compared with other haplotypes that contained at least one copy of Gc1 allele (Ptrend <0.0001). Our results suggest that the common variants of GC are genetic determinants of serum 25(OH)D in Chinese.