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Effects of treatment with metformin on TSH levels: a meta-analysis of literature studies.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2014; 99(1):E143-8JC

Abstract

CONTEXT

Some data suggest that metformin affects the thyroid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes, but contrasting results are reported in different settings.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of metformin treatment on TSH in subjects with or without thyroid dysfunction.

DATA SOURCES

We performed a systematic search of articles evaluating changes in TSH levels in patients receiving metformin.

STUDY SELECTION

Studies evaluating TSH levels before and after metformin treatment were included.

DATA EXTRACTION

Clinical data, demographic variables, and TSH levels before and after treatment with metformin were extracted. Data were analyzed according to the underlying thyroid disease.

DATA SYNTHESIS

A total of 7 datasets (206 patients) were included in the final analysis. After metformin treatment, a slight but significant reduction in TSH levels was found in 4 datasets on 119 patients with overt hypothyroidism receiving l-T4 replacement (mean difference, 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50, 1.65; P=.0003). Similarly, in 2 datasets reporting on a total of 33 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism not receiving treatment with l-T4, a significant reduction in TSH levels was reported (mean difference, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.32, 1.87; P<.00001) after treatment with metformin. In 1 dataset, including 54 euthyroid patients not receiving l-T4, no changes in TSH levels were reported after treatment with metformin (mean difference, 0.18; 95% CI, -0.20, 0.56; P=.35).

CONCLUSIONS

Metformin induces a reduction in TSH levels both in overt and in subclinical hypothyroidism. In contrast, no change in TSH levels is found in euthyroid patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Medicine and Surgery, Federico II University, 80131 Naples Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24203069

Citation

Lupoli, Roberta, et al. "Effects of Treatment With Metformin On TSH Levels: a Meta-analysis of Literature Studies." The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 99, no. 1, 2014, pp. E143-8.
Lupoli R, Di Minno A, Tortora A, et al. Effects of treatment with metformin on TSH levels: a meta-analysis of literature studies. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;99(1):E143-8.
Lupoli, R., Di Minno, A., Tortora, A., Ambrosino, P., Lupoli, G. A., & Di Minno, M. N. (2014). Effects of treatment with metformin on TSH levels: a meta-analysis of literature studies. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 99(1), pp. E143-8. doi:10.1210/jc.2013-2965.
Lupoli R, et al. Effects of Treatment With Metformin On TSH Levels: a Meta-analysis of Literature Studies. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;99(1):E143-8. PubMed PMID: 24203069.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of treatment with metformin on TSH levels: a meta-analysis of literature studies. AU - Lupoli,Roberta, AU - Di Minno,Alessandro, AU - Tortora,Anna, AU - Ambrosino,Pasquale, AU - Lupoli,Gelsy Arianna, AU - Di Minno,Matteo Nicola Dario, Y1 - 2013/12/20/ PY - 2013/11/9/entrez PY - 2013/11/10/pubmed PY - 2014/3/13/medline SP - E143 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism JO - J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. VL - 99 IS - 1 N2 - CONTEXT: Some data suggest that metformin affects the thyroid profile in patients with type 2 diabetes, but contrasting results are reported in different settings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of metformin treatment on TSH in subjects with or without thyroid dysfunction. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search of articles evaluating changes in TSH levels in patients receiving metformin. STUDY SELECTION: Studies evaluating TSH levels before and after metformin treatment were included. DATA EXTRACTION: Clinical data, demographic variables, and TSH levels before and after treatment with metformin were extracted. Data were analyzed according to the underlying thyroid disease. DATA SYNTHESIS: A total of 7 datasets (206 patients) were included in the final analysis. After metformin treatment, a slight but significant reduction in TSH levels was found in 4 datasets on 119 patients with overt hypothyroidism receiving l-T4 replacement (mean difference, 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50, 1.65; P=.0003). Similarly, in 2 datasets reporting on a total of 33 patients with subclinical hypothyroidism not receiving treatment with l-T4, a significant reduction in TSH levels was reported (mean difference, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.32, 1.87; P<.00001) after treatment with metformin. In 1 dataset, including 54 euthyroid patients not receiving l-T4, no changes in TSH levels were reported after treatment with metformin (mean difference, 0.18; 95% CI, -0.20, 0.56; P=.35). CONCLUSIONS: Metformin induces a reduction in TSH levels both in overt and in subclinical hypothyroidism. In contrast, no change in TSH levels is found in euthyroid patients. SN - 1945-7197 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24203069/Effects_of_treatment_with_metformin_on_TSH_levels:_a_meta_analysis_of_literature_studies_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/jcem/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/jc.2013-2965 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -