Simultaneous laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair and sleeve gastrectomy in the morbidly obese.Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2014 Mar-Apr; 10(2):257-61.SO
Morbid obesity is associated with increased rates of hiatal and paraesophageal hernias. Although laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is gaining popularity as the procedure of choice for morbid obesity, there is little data regarding the management of paraesophageal hernias found intraoperatively. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and benefits of a combined sleeve gastrectomy and paraesophageal hernia repair in morbidly obese patients.
From May 2011 to February 2013, 23 patients underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy combined with the repair of a paraesophageal hernia. Only 4 patients had a large hiatal hernia documented preoperatively on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). The body mass index (BMI), operative time, length of stay, and complications were evaluated.
The average operative time was 165 minutes (115-240 minutes) and length of stay was 2.83 days (2-6 days). All patients were female except for one, with an average age of 53.4 years and a BMI of 41.9 kg/m(2). There were no complications during the procedures. Mean follow-up was 6.16 months (1-19 months), and mean excess weight loss was 39%. The average cost of admission for a combined procedure ($10,056), was slightly higher than a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy ($8905) or laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair ($8954) done separately.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy combined with a paraesophageal hernia repair is well-tolerated and feasible in morbidly obese patients. Surgeons should be aware that preoperative EGD is not effective at diagnosing large hiatal or paraesophageal hernias. Surgeons with the skill set to repair paraesophageal hernias should do a combined procedure because it is well-tolerated, feasible, and can reduce the cost of multiple hospital admissions.