[Catamenial pneumothorax: easy to see, difficult to manage].Rev Pneumol Clin. 2014 Jun; 70(3):127-32.RP
Catamenial pneumothorax (PNO) is a real clinical occurrence. Several cases are reported in the literature as a spontaneous PNO occurring during the catamenial period among women in their thirties. There is no consensus about management and the recurrence rate is very high whatever the initial treatment.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Among 310 cases of spontaneous PNO operated in our institution in 10 years, we identified five cases of catamenial PNO. A retrospective study of these cases was used to study the initial operating data, including the existence of intrathoracic lesions and the choice of technique of pleurodesis. Patient follow-up was clinically and radiologically. Adjuvant hormonal therapies, recurrence of PNO and treatment modalities have been studied.
These five patients of average age 37.6 years (37,38) who had 2.6 (2.3) episodes of right catamenial PNO before hospitalization in surgery department. No patient was smoker. Two of them had a known thoracic or pelvic endometriosis. The initial surgery was video assisted thoracic surgery with a parietal pleurectomy and twice a mesh upon the diaphragm. There were no immediate postoperative complications, and the average length of stay was 6.6 days (5.9). Two patients had adjuvant hormonal therapy. All patients had at least one recurrence and three of them had redo surgery.
The diagnosis of catamenial PNO must be mentioned in any woman who has a spontaneous pneumothorax right in catamenial period. Endometriosis should be systematically sought. A standardized therapeutic approach to establish the role of surgery and the most appropriate technique as well as the appropriateness and duration of peroperative hormonal therapy remains to be defined.