Laparoscopic greater curvature plication: surgical techniques and early outcomes of a Chinese experience.Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2014 May-Jun; 10(3):432-7.SO
Laparoscopic greater curvature plication (LGCP) is a novel restrictive bariatric procedure that can reduce the gastric volume by infolding the gastric greater curvature without gastrectomy. The objective of this study was to describe the surgical technique of LGCP and validate the efficacy and safety of LGCP for the treatment of obesity in obese Chinese patients with a relatively low body mass index (BMI).
Twenty-two obese patients (mean age 33.8±6.0 years; mean BMI 37.0±7.0 kg/m(2)) underwent LGCP between September 2011 and September 2012. After dissecting the greater omentum and short gastric vessels, the gastric greater curvature plication with 2 rows of nonabsorbable suture was performed under the guidance of a 32-F bougie. The data were collected during follow-up examinations performed at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively.
All procedures were performed laparoscopically. The mean operative time was 84.1 minutes (50-120 min), and the mean length of hospital stay was 3.8 days (2-10 d). There were no deaths or postoperative major complications that needed reoperation. The mean percentage of excess weight loss (%EWL) was 22.9%±6.9%, 38.6%±9.8%, 51.5%±13.5%, and 61.1%±15.9% at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. At 6 months, type 2 diabetes was in remission in 2 (50%) patients, hypertension in 1 (33.3%) patient, and dyslipidemia in 11 (78.6%) patients. Decreases in the index for homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and in insulin and glucose concentrations were observed.
The early outcomes of LGCP as a novel treatment for obese Chinese with a relatively low BMI are satisfactory with respect to the effectiveness and low incidence of major complications. Additional long-term follow-up and prospective, comparative trials are still needed.