Evidence for acceleration of the rate of elongation of tyrosine aminotransferase nascent chains by dibutyryl cyclic AMP.Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978 Jan; 75(1):140-4.PN
Analogs of cyclic AMP elevate the synthesis of tyrosine aminotransferase (L-tyrosine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase; EC 126.96.36.199) in cultured hepatoma cells and rat liver at a post-transcriptional level but have no discernible effect on total soluble protein synthesis. In order to determine whether cyclic AMP exerts its effect on a step before or after initiation of the synthesis of this enzyme, we have analyzed the ribosomal transit times for both the aminotransferase and total soluble protein in hepatoma cells incubated in the presence or absence of N(6),O(2)'-dibutyryl cyclic AMP. The time required for one ribosome to translate one subunit of the "average" soluble protein (transit time) was about 2 min in cells incubated with or without the cyclic AMP analog. In contrast, the transit time for tyrosine aminotransferase was found to be reduced from 5-8 min under basal conditions to as low as 45 sec after exposure to dibutyryl cyclic AMP. Although the degree of effect varied from experiment to experiment, the relative rate of aminotransferase nascent chain elongation was found to be proportional to the stimulation of its activity. In contrast, dexamethasone did not alter the rate of aminotransferase elongation even though it elevated enzyme activity between 5- and 10-fold. These data are consistent with the hypothesis that induction of tyrosine aminotransferase with cyclic AMP analogs occurs by stimulation of the rate at which ribosomes translate pre-existing mRNA in contrast to adrenal steroids which act by increasing the level of translatable mRNA coding for this enzyme.