Cortical spreading depression and calcitonin gene-related peptide: a brief review of current progress.Neuropeptides. 2013 Dec; 47(6):463-6.N
Although detailed disease mechanisms of migraine remain poorly understood, migraine is known to have a complex pathophysiology with both vascular and neuronal mechanisms. The neuronal mechanisms of migraine may be attributed to cortical spreading depression (CSD); consequently, CSD has been widely studied for understanding the pathophysiology of migraine. Well validated CSD models have been developed for evaluating anti-migraine drugs. Neuropeptides, mainly, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), have been proposed as an emerging class of effective drugs against migraine headache. The central role of this neuropeptide has led to research into CSD for understanding disease mechanisms of migraine. This review briefly summarizes our current understanding of CSD and CGRP involvement in CSD. Although CSD can also worsen strokes, this brief paper has excluded the possible connection between the neuropeptide and CSD associated with them. Instead it has focused solely on CGRP in CSD associated with migraine.