High molecular weight glutenin subunit in durum wheat (T. durum).Theor Appl Genet. 1989 Sep; 78(3):353-8.TA
The diversity of high molecular weight (HMW) glutenin subunits of 502 varieties of durum wheat (Triticum durum) from 23 countries was studied using sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Twenty-nine types of patterns were observed with 18 mobility bands. A total of 18 alleles were identified by comparing the mobilities of their subunits to those previously found in hexaploid wheat (T. aestivum) and in Triticum turgidum var. dicoccum. Five new alleles were detected: two on the Glu A1 and three on the Glu B1 locus. Comparison of the frequency of alleles in the three species T. aestivum, T. dicoccum and T. durum was investigated. Significant differences exist between each of these species on the basis of the frequency distributions of their three and four common alleles at the Glu A1 and Glu B1 locus, respectively. The Glu B1c allele occuring very frequently in hexaploid wheats was not found in the two tetraploid species. More than 83% of the T. durum analysed were found to have the Glu A1c (null) allele.