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Interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and markers of vitamin B(12) status with cognitive performance in elderly people not exposed to folic acid fortification: the Hordaland Health Study.
Br J Nutr 2014; 111(6):1085-95BJ

Abstract

A combination of high folate with low vitamin B12 plasma status has been associated with cognitive impairment in a population exposed to mandatory folic acid fortification. The objective of the present study was to examine the interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 markers in relation to cognitive performance in Norwegian elderly who were unexposed to mandatory or voluntary folic acid fortification. Cognitive performance was assessed by six cognitive tests in 2203 individuals aged 72-74 years. A combined score was calculated using principal component analysis. The associations of folate concentrations, vitamin B12 markers (total vitamin B12, holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA)) and their interactions in relation to cognitive performance were evaluated by quantile regression and least-squares regression, adjusted for sex, education, apo-ɛ4 genotype, history of CVD/hypertension and creatinine. Cross-sectional analyses revealed an interaction (P= 0·009) between plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 in relation to cognitive performance. Plasma vitamin B12 concentrations in the lowest quartile (< 274 pmol/l) combined with plasma folate concentrations in the highest quartile (>18·5 nmol/l) were associated with a reduced risk of cognitive impairment compared with plasma concentrations in the middle quartiles of both vitamins (OR 0·22, 95 % CI 0·05, 0·92). The interaction between folate and holoTC or MMA in relation to cognitive performance was not significant. In conclusion, this large study population unexposed to mandatory folic acid fortification showed that plasma folate, but not plasma vitamin B12, was associated with cognitive performance. Among the elderly participants with vitamin B12 concentrations in the lower range, the association between plasma folate and cognitive performance was strongest.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Section for Pharmacology, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.Section for Cardiology, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, PO Box 8129, 6700 EV, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.Department of Pharmacology, Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing (OPTIMA), University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.Section for Pharmacology, Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24229560

Citation

Doets, Esmée L., et al. "Interactions Between Plasma Concentrations of Folate and Markers of Vitamin B(12) Status With Cognitive Performance in Elderly People Not Exposed to Folic Acid Fortification: the Hordaland Health Study." The British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 111, no. 6, 2014, pp. 1085-95.
Doets EL, Ueland PM, Tell GS, et al. Interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and markers of vitamin B(12) status with cognitive performance in elderly people not exposed to folic acid fortification: the Hordaland Health Study. Br J Nutr. 2014;111(6):1085-95.
Doets, E. L., Ueland, P. M., Tell, G. S., Vollset, S. E., Nygård, O. K., Van't Veer, P., ... Eussen, S. J. (2014). Interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and markers of vitamin B(12) status with cognitive performance in elderly people not exposed to folic acid fortification: the Hordaland Health Study. The British Journal of Nutrition, 111(6), pp. 1085-95. doi:10.1017/S000711451300336X.
Doets EL, et al. Interactions Between Plasma Concentrations of Folate and Markers of Vitamin B(12) Status With Cognitive Performance in Elderly People Not Exposed to Folic Acid Fortification: the Hordaland Health Study. Br J Nutr. 2014 Mar 28;111(6):1085-95. PubMed PMID: 24229560.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and markers of vitamin B(12) status with cognitive performance in elderly people not exposed to folic acid fortification: the Hordaland Health Study. AU - Doets,Esmée L, AU - Ueland,Per M, AU - Tell,Grethe S, AU - Vollset,Stein Emil, AU - Nygård,Ottar K, AU - Van't Veer,Pieter, AU - de Groot,Lisette C P G M, AU - Nurk,Eha, AU - Refsum,Helga, AU - Smith,A David, AU - Eussen,Simone J P M, Y1 - 2013/11/11/ PY - 2013/11/16/entrez PY - 2013/11/16/pubmed PY - 2014/5/6/medline SP - 1085 EP - 95 JF - The British journal of nutrition JO - Br. J. Nutr. VL - 111 IS - 6 N2 - A combination of high folate with low vitamin B12 plasma status has been associated with cognitive impairment in a population exposed to mandatory folic acid fortification. The objective of the present study was to examine the interactions between plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 markers in relation to cognitive performance in Norwegian elderly who were unexposed to mandatory or voluntary folic acid fortification. Cognitive performance was assessed by six cognitive tests in 2203 individuals aged 72-74 years. A combined score was calculated using principal component analysis. The associations of folate concentrations, vitamin B12 markers (total vitamin B12, holotranscobalamin (holoTC) and methylmalonic acid (MMA)) and their interactions in relation to cognitive performance were evaluated by quantile regression and least-squares regression, adjusted for sex, education, apo-ɛ4 genotype, history of CVD/hypertension and creatinine. Cross-sectional analyses revealed an interaction (P= 0·009) between plasma concentrations of folate and vitamin B12 in relation to cognitive performance. Plasma vitamin B12 concentrations in the lowest quartile (< 274 pmol/l) combined with plasma folate concentrations in the highest quartile (>18·5 nmol/l) were associated with a reduced risk of cognitive impairment compared with plasma concentrations in the middle quartiles of both vitamins (OR 0·22, 95 % CI 0·05, 0·92). The interaction between folate and holoTC or MMA in relation to cognitive performance was not significant. In conclusion, this large study population unexposed to mandatory folic acid fortification showed that plasma folate, but not plasma vitamin B12, was associated with cognitive performance. Among the elderly participants with vitamin B12 concentrations in the lower range, the association between plasma folate and cognitive performance was strongest. SN - 1475-2662 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24229560/Interactions_between_plasma_concentrations_of_folate_and_markers_of_vitamin_B_12__status_with_cognitive_performance_in_elderly_people_not_exposed_to_folic_acid_fortification:_the_Hordaland_Health_Study_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S000711451300336X/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -