Fine molecular tuning at position 4 of 2H-chromen-2-one derivatives in the search of potent and selective monoamine oxidase B inhibitors.Eur J Med Chem. 2013; 70:723-39.EJ
The effects on the inhibition potencies of monoamine oxidase isoforms A (MAO-A) and B (MAO-B) depending upon changes in the physicochemical properties (size, shape, H-bonding, lipophilicity, etc.) of substituents at the C4 position of 2H-chromen-2-one derivatives were extensively investigated, and the results significantly added to our knowledge on this class of MAO inhibitors. All the 67 examined compounds showed high MAO-B selectivity, some of them achieving potency in the low nanomolar range. In particular, the 7-metachlorobenzyloxy-4-oxyacetamido-2H-chromen-2-one (entry 62) showed single digit nanomolar MAO-B potency (IC₅₀ = 3.1 nM) and high selectivity over the MAO-A isoform (selectivity ratio = 7244). The great variety of the investigated substituents at C4 of the 2H-chromen-2-one nucleus, combined with binding models generated from docking studies carried out on selected compounds, allowed us to shed light on the main molecular requirements for potent and selective MAO-B inhibition, highlighting the dominant role of the steric effects. Interestingly, many of the designed substituents could be metabolically related to each other (e.g., CH₃/CH₂OH/CHO/COOH; NH₂/NHCH₃, NHAc), and therefore the results obtained may help in predicting the in vivo activity of some putative metabolites of lead MAO-B inhibitors.