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Perceptions and sociodemographic factors influencing vaccination uptake and precautionary behaviours in response to the A/H1N1 influenza in Sweden.
Scand J Public Health. 2014 Mar; 42(2):215-22.SJ

Abstract

AIMS

In response to the 2009 outbreak of A/H1N1 influenza, Swedish authorities decided on a programme for universal vaccination. Over 60% of the population received at least one dose of vaccine. This study examines demographic factors and perceptions related to the decision whether or not to become vaccinated.

METHODS

A combined web/postal survey was conducted (n = 1587, response rate 53%) in late spring 2010. Questions reported here concerned perceptions, precautionary behaviours and vaccination decision.

RESULTS

Main reasons for becoming vaccinated were concerns about spreading the disease to relatives or in the community and confidence in the good effect of vaccination. Vaccination rates were higher among women, those with young children or belonging to a risk group. Main reasons for abstaining were belief that the flu was not a serious threat, low risk of spreading the disease, concern about side-effects and perceived uncertainties in information. Three profiles representing different patterns of thought and beliefs were identified by cluster analysis, respectively labelled as a vulnerable, a trusting and a sceptical group. Vaccination rates and precautionary behaviours were demonstrated to differ between these groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Perceptions relating to the 2009 pandemic are likely to influence uptake of vaccination in the future. Authorities need to be aware of different patterns of beliefs and attitudes among the public, and that these may vary in different phases. Communication of risk needs to be dynamic and prepared to engage with the public before, during and even for some time after the acute risk period.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Swedish National Defence College, Karlstad, Sweden.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24259541

Citation

Börjesson, Marcus, and Ann Enander. "Perceptions and Sociodemographic Factors Influencing Vaccination Uptake and Precautionary Behaviours in Response to the A/H1N1 Influenza in Sweden." Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, vol. 42, no. 2, 2014, pp. 215-22.
Börjesson M, Enander A. Perceptions and sociodemographic factors influencing vaccination uptake and precautionary behaviours in response to the A/H1N1 influenza in Sweden. Scand J Public Health. 2014;42(2):215-22.
Börjesson, M., & Enander, A. (2014). Perceptions and sociodemographic factors influencing vaccination uptake and precautionary behaviours in response to the A/H1N1 influenza in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 42(2), 215-22. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494813510790
Börjesson M, Enander A. Perceptions and Sociodemographic Factors Influencing Vaccination Uptake and Precautionary Behaviours in Response to the A/H1N1 Influenza in Sweden. Scand J Public Health. 2014;42(2):215-22. PubMed PMID: 24259541.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Perceptions and sociodemographic factors influencing vaccination uptake and precautionary behaviours in response to the A/H1N1 influenza in Sweden. AU - Börjesson,Marcus, AU - Enander,Ann, Y1 - 2013/11/20/ PY - 2013/11/22/entrez PY - 2013/11/22/pubmed PY - 2014/4/8/medline KW - A/H1N1 KW - cluster analysis KW - demographic factors KW - perceptions KW - swine flu KW - vaccination choices SP - 215 EP - 22 JF - Scandinavian journal of public health JO - Scand J Public Health VL - 42 IS - 2 N2 - AIMS: In response to the 2009 outbreak of A/H1N1 influenza, Swedish authorities decided on a programme for universal vaccination. Over 60% of the population received at least one dose of vaccine. This study examines demographic factors and perceptions related to the decision whether or not to become vaccinated. METHODS: A combined web/postal survey was conducted (n = 1587, response rate 53%) in late spring 2010. Questions reported here concerned perceptions, precautionary behaviours and vaccination decision. RESULTS: Main reasons for becoming vaccinated were concerns about spreading the disease to relatives or in the community and confidence in the good effect of vaccination. Vaccination rates were higher among women, those with young children or belonging to a risk group. Main reasons for abstaining were belief that the flu was not a serious threat, low risk of spreading the disease, concern about side-effects and perceived uncertainties in information. Three profiles representing different patterns of thought and beliefs were identified by cluster analysis, respectively labelled as a vulnerable, a trusting and a sceptical group. Vaccination rates and precautionary behaviours were demonstrated to differ between these groups. CONCLUSIONS: Perceptions relating to the 2009 pandemic are likely to influence uptake of vaccination in the future. Authorities need to be aware of different patterns of beliefs and attitudes among the public, and that these may vary in different phases. Communication of risk needs to be dynamic and prepared to engage with the public before, during and even for some time after the acute risk period. SN - 1651-1905 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24259541/Perceptions_and_sociodemographic_factors_influencing_vaccination_uptake_and_precautionary_behaviours_in_response_to_the_A/H1N1_influenza_in_Sweden_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1403494813510790?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -