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[Risk factors for cardiovascular system damage in chronic kidney disease].
Ter Arkh. 2013; 85(9):69-76.TA

Abstract

AIM

To study the prevalence of and risk factors (RF) associated with cardiovascular system damage in patients with predialysis diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD).

SUBJECTS AND METHODS

The investigation enrolled 317 patients with CKD of various etiologies. In Group 1 (165 patients with CKD: 54% of men, 46% of women; mean age 46 +/- 15 years), the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 37.2 ml/min; the serum creatinine level was 2.9 mg/dl. Group 2 included 152 (41%) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) (41% of men and 59% of women; mean age 57.3 +/- 7.1 years). The duration of DM averaged 10.4 +/- 7.1 years. All the patients underwent physical examination; the levels of glycated hemoglobin and adipose tissue hormones, urinary albumin excretion were additionally determined in the diabetic patients. Echocardiography was performed in 172 patients. The influence of populationwide and renal failure-associated RFs on the cardiovascular system was evaluated in CKD.

RESULTS

Clinical and instrumental examinations of 165 patients with Stages II-IV nondiabetic CKD revealed atherosclerosis of the aorta and the vessels of the heart, brain, kidney, and lower extremities in 60 (37%), 35 (24%), 30 (18%), 23 (14%), and 8 (5%), respectively. As atherosclerotic vascular lesion progressed, the incidence of cardiovascular events (CVE) increased. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was diagnosed in 37.3% of the patients with nondiabetic CKD. Along with traditional cardiovascular RFs (age, smoking, gender, arterial hypertension), the renal dysfunction-related factors (anemia, diminished glomerular filtration rate, elevated creatitine levels, and abnormal phosphorus and calcium metabolism) are of importance. An association was found between LVH, atherosclerotic vascular lesion, and heart valve calcification. According to EchoCG data, 36% of the patients with type 2 DM were diagnosed as having LVH. The RFs of the latter were albuminuria, obesity, and abnormal carbohydrate and purine metabolisms. There was an association of diabetic nephropathy with left ventricular remodeling processes and a history of CVE.

CONCLUSION

The development of cardiorenal syndrome is observed in early-stage CKD and related to both traditional and renal RFs.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

rus

PubMed ID

24261233

Citation

Kutyrina, I M., et al. "[Risk Factors for Cardiovascular System Damage in Chronic Kidney Disease]." Terapevticheskii Arkhiv, vol. 85, no. 9, 2013, pp. 69-76.
Kutyrina IM, Rudenko TE, Savel'eva SA, et al. [Risk factors for cardiovascular system damage in chronic kidney disease]. Ter Arkh. 2013;85(9):69-76.
Kutyrina, I. M., Rudenko, T. E., Savel'eva, S. A., Shvetsov, M. I. u., & Vasil'eva, M. P. (2013). [Risk factors for cardiovascular system damage in chronic kidney disease]. Terapevticheskii Arkhiv, 85(9), 69-76.
Kutyrina IM, et al. [Risk Factors for Cardiovascular System Damage in Chronic Kidney Disease]. Ter Arkh. 2013;85(9):69-76. PubMed PMID: 24261233.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Risk factors for cardiovascular system damage in chronic kidney disease]. AU - Kutyrina,I M, AU - Rudenko,T E, AU - Savel'eva,S A, AU - Shvetsov,M Iu, AU - Vasil'eva,M P, PY - 2013/11/23/entrez PY - 2013/11/23/pubmed PY - 2014/2/7/medline SP - 69 EP - 76 JF - Terapevticheskii arkhiv JO - Ter Arkh VL - 85 IS - 9 N2 - AIM: To study the prevalence of and risk factors (RF) associated with cardiovascular system damage in patients with predialysis diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The investigation enrolled 317 patients with CKD of various etiologies. In Group 1 (165 patients with CKD: 54% of men, 46% of women; mean age 46 +/- 15 years), the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was 37.2 ml/min; the serum creatinine level was 2.9 mg/dl. Group 2 included 152 (41%) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) (41% of men and 59% of women; mean age 57.3 +/- 7.1 years). The duration of DM averaged 10.4 +/- 7.1 years. All the patients underwent physical examination; the levels of glycated hemoglobin and adipose tissue hormones, urinary albumin excretion were additionally determined in the diabetic patients. Echocardiography was performed in 172 patients. The influence of populationwide and renal failure-associated RFs on the cardiovascular system was evaluated in CKD. RESULTS: Clinical and instrumental examinations of 165 patients with Stages II-IV nondiabetic CKD revealed atherosclerosis of the aorta and the vessels of the heart, brain, kidney, and lower extremities in 60 (37%), 35 (24%), 30 (18%), 23 (14%), and 8 (5%), respectively. As atherosclerotic vascular lesion progressed, the incidence of cardiovascular events (CVE) increased. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was diagnosed in 37.3% of the patients with nondiabetic CKD. Along with traditional cardiovascular RFs (age, smoking, gender, arterial hypertension), the renal dysfunction-related factors (anemia, diminished glomerular filtration rate, elevated creatitine levels, and abnormal phosphorus and calcium metabolism) are of importance. An association was found between LVH, atherosclerotic vascular lesion, and heart valve calcification. According to EchoCG data, 36% of the patients with type 2 DM were diagnosed as having LVH. The RFs of the latter were albuminuria, obesity, and abnormal carbohydrate and purine metabolisms. There was an association of diabetic nephropathy with left ventricular remodeling processes and a history of CVE. CONCLUSION: The development of cardiorenal syndrome is observed in early-stage CKD and related to both traditional and renal RFs. SN - 0040-3660 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24261233/[Risk_factors_for_cardiovascular_system_damage_in_chronic_kidney_disease]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3996 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -