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"Towards an even healthier Mediterranean diet".
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2013; 23(12):1163-6NM

Abstract

Dietary guidelines to promote good health are usually based on foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns predictive of chronic disease risk in epidemiologic studies. However, sound nutritional recommendations for cardiovascular prevention should be based on the results of large randomized clinical trials with "hard" end-points as the main outcome. Such evidence has been obtained for the Mediterranean diet from the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) trial and the Lyon Heart Study. The traditional Mediterranean diet was that found in olive growing areas of Crete, Greece, and Southern Italy in the late 1950s. Their major characteristics include: a) a high consumption of cereals, legumes, nuts, vegetables, and fruits; b) a relatively high-fat consumption, mostly provided by olive oil; c) moderate to high fish consumption; d) poultry and dairy products consumed in moderate to small amounts; e) low consumption of red meats, and meat products; and f) moderate alcohol intake, usually in the form of red wine. However, these protective effects of the traditional Mediterranean diet may be even greater if we upgrade the health effects of this dietary pattern changing the common olive oil used for extra-virgin olive oil, increasing the consumption of nuts, fatty fish and whole grain cereals, reducing sodium intake, and maintaining a moderate consumption of wine with meals.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clinic, Institut d'Investigació, August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER Obn, Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, Institute of Health "Carlos III", Government of Spain, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. Electronic address: restruch@clinic.ub.es.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24263037

Citation

Estruch, R, and J Salas-Salvadó. ""Towards an Even Healthier Mediterranean Diet"." Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, vol. 23, no. 12, 2013, pp. 1163-6.
Estruch R, Salas-Salvadó J. "Towards an even healthier Mediterranean diet". Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013;23(12):1163-6.
Estruch, R., & Salas-Salvadó, J. (2013). "Towards an even healthier Mediterranean diet". Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD, 23(12), pp. 1163-6. doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2013.09.003.
Estruch R, Salas-Salvadó J. "Towards an Even Healthier Mediterranean Diet". Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2013;23(12):1163-6. PubMed PMID: 24263037.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - "Towards an even healthier Mediterranean diet". AU - Estruch,R, AU - Salas-Salvadó,J, Y1 - 2013/10/11/ PY - 2013/07/24/received PY - 2013/09/16/revised PY - 2013/09/23/accepted PY - 2013/11/23/entrez PY - 2013/11/23/pubmed PY - 2014/7/30/medline KW - Cardiovascular disease KW - Cardiovascular risk factors KW - Mediterranean diet KW - Nutrition SP - 1163 EP - 6 JF - Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD JO - Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis VL - 23 IS - 12 N2 - Dietary guidelines to promote good health are usually based on foods, nutrients, and dietary patterns predictive of chronic disease risk in epidemiologic studies. However, sound nutritional recommendations for cardiovascular prevention should be based on the results of large randomized clinical trials with "hard" end-points as the main outcome. Such evidence has been obtained for the Mediterranean diet from the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) trial and the Lyon Heart Study. The traditional Mediterranean diet was that found in olive growing areas of Crete, Greece, and Southern Italy in the late 1950s. Their major characteristics include: a) a high consumption of cereals, legumes, nuts, vegetables, and fruits; b) a relatively high-fat consumption, mostly provided by olive oil; c) moderate to high fish consumption; d) poultry and dairy products consumed in moderate to small amounts; e) low consumption of red meats, and meat products; and f) moderate alcohol intake, usually in the form of red wine. However, these protective effects of the traditional Mediterranean diet may be even greater if we upgrade the health effects of this dietary pattern changing the common olive oil used for extra-virgin olive oil, increasing the consumption of nuts, fatty fish and whole grain cereals, reducing sodium intake, and maintaining a moderate consumption of wine with meals. SN - 1590-3729 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24263037/"Towards_an_even_healthier_Mediterranean_diet"_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0939-4753(13)00204-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -