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Dairy foods and dairy protein consumption is inversely related to markers of adiposity in obese men and women.
Nutrients. 2013 Nov 20; 5(11):4665-84.N

Abstract

A number of intervention studies have reported that the prevalence of obesity may be in part inversely related to dairy food consumption while others report no association. We sought to examine relationships between energy, protein and calcium consumption from dairy foods (milk, yoghurt, cheese, dairy spreads, ice-cream) and adiposity including body mass index (BMI), waist (WC) and hip circumference (HC), and direct measures of body composition using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (% body fat and abdominal fat) in an opportunistic sample of 720 overweight/obese Australian men and women. Mean (SD) age, weight and BMI of the population were 51 ± 10 year, 94 ± 18 kg and 32.4 ± 5.7 kg/m2, respectively. Reduced fat milk was the most commonly consumed dairy product (235 ± 200 g/day), followed by whole milk (63 ± 128 g/day) and yoghurt (53 ± 66 g/day). Overall dairy food consumption (g/day) was inversely associated with BMI, % body fat and WC (all p < 0.05). Dairy protein and dairy calcium (g/day) were both inversely associated with all adiposity measures (all p < 0.05). Yoghurt consumption (g/day) was inversely associated with % body fat, abdominal fat, WC and HC (all p < 0.05), while reduced fat milk consumption was inversely associated with BMI, WC, HC and % body fat (all p < 0.05). Within a sample of obese adults, consumption of dairy products, dairy protein, and calcium was associated with more favourable body composition.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Nutritional Physiology Research Centre, University of South Australia, GPO Box 2471 Adelaide, South Australia 5001, Australia. karen.murphy@unisa.edu.au.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24264228

Citation

Murphy, Karen J., et al. "Dairy Foods and Dairy Protein Consumption Is Inversely Related to Markers of Adiposity in Obese Men and Women." Nutrients, vol. 5, no. 11, 2013, pp. 4665-84.
Murphy KJ, Crichton GE, Dyer KA, et al. Dairy foods and dairy protein consumption is inversely related to markers of adiposity in obese men and women. Nutrients. 2013;5(11):4665-84.
Murphy, K. J., Crichton, G. E., Dyer, K. A., Coates, A. M., Pettman, T. L., Milte, C., Thorp, A. A., Berry, N. M., Buckley, J. D., Noakes, M., & Howe, P. R. (2013). Dairy foods and dairy protein consumption is inversely related to markers of adiposity in obese men and women. Nutrients, 5(11), 4665-84. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu5114665
Murphy KJ, et al. Dairy Foods and Dairy Protein Consumption Is Inversely Related to Markers of Adiposity in Obese Men and Women. Nutrients. 2013 Nov 20;5(11):4665-84. PubMed PMID: 24264228.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dairy foods and dairy protein consumption is inversely related to markers of adiposity in obese men and women. AU - Murphy,Karen J, AU - Crichton,Georgina E, AU - Dyer,Kathryn A, AU - Coates,Alison M, AU - Pettman,Tahna L, AU - Milte,Catherine, AU - Thorp,Alicia A, AU - Berry,Narelle M, AU - Buckley,Jonathan D, AU - Noakes,Manny, AU - Howe,Peter R C, Y1 - 2013/11/20/ PY - 2013/10/16/received PY - 2013/11/11/revised PY - 2013/11/13/accepted PY - 2013/11/23/entrez PY - 2013/11/23/pubmed PY - 2014/5/23/medline SP - 4665 EP - 84 JF - Nutrients JO - Nutrients VL - 5 IS - 11 N2 - A number of intervention studies have reported that the prevalence of obesity may be in part inversely related to dairy food consumption while others report no association. We sought to examine relationships between energy, protein and calcium consumption from dairy foods (milk, yoghurt, cheese, dairy spreads, ice-cream) and adiposity including body mass index (BMI), waist (WC) and hip circumference (HC), and direct measures of body composition using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (% body fat and abdominal fat) in an opportunistic sample of 720 overweight/obese Australian men and women. Mean (SD) age, weight and BMI of the population were 51 ± 10 year, 94 ± 18 kg and 32.4 ± 5.7 kg/m2, respectively. Reduced fat milk was the most commonly consumed dairy product (235 ± 200 g/day), followed by whole milk (63 ± 128 g/day) and yoghurt (53 ± 66 g/day). Overall dairy food consumption (g/day) was inversely associated with BMI, % body fat and WC (all p < 0.05). Dairy protein and dairy calcium (g/day) were both inversely associated with all adiposity measures (all p < 0.05). Yoghurt consumption (g/day) was inversely associated with % body fat, abdominal fat, WC and HC (all p < 0.05), while reduced fat milk consumption was inversely associated with BMI, WC, HC and % body fat (all p < 0.05). Within a sample of obese adults, consumption of dairy products, dairy protein, and calcium was associated with more favourable body composition. SN - 2072-6643 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24264228/Dairy_foods_and_dairy_protein_consumption_is_inversely_related_to_markers_of_adiposity_in_obese_men_and_women_ L2 - https://www.mdpi.com/resolver?pii=nu5114665 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -