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[Risk factors for allergy to honey-bee venom in Mexican beekeepers].
Rev Alerg Mex 2013 Jul-Sep; 60(3):100-4RA

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Allergy to Hymenoptera venom has a low prevalence in the general population, but in beekeepers could be as high as 42%. The exposure to bee sting confers an occupational allergic risk to beekeepers, causing them sensitization during the first years, which if continues for a long time may induce immune tolerance.

OBJECTIVE

To know some risk factors of allergic reactions to honey-bee stings in a sample of beekeepers through a self-applied questionnaire.

METHODS

A self-applied questionnaire was performed by beekeepers from the whole country, with questions about age, sex, time of beekeeping activities, average number of stings per month and types of post-sting reactions. The relative risk and the odds ratio were calculated for some risk factors.

RESULTS

A total of 1541 questionnaires were completed. The average age was 37 years. There were 1289 (84%) men and 252 women. The average time of exposure to honey-bee sting was 7.2 years, and the number of stings per month averaged 33. There was atopic family history in 14.5% of the beekeepers, and 20% of them had personal atopy. In 125 (8%) beekeepers there were local allergic reactions and in 32 (2%) there were systemic allergic reactions. The relative risk for allergy to honey-bee venom in whom had atopic family history was 3.9 (CI 1.7-9.2), in those with less than 4 stings per month was 3.2 (CI 1.12-9.33), in those with more than 20 years exposure was 0.97 (CI 0.95-0.98) and for those over 50 years of age was 0.32 (CI 0.1-0.8). Beekeepers with less than 10 years of exposure had OR of 4.33 (CI 0.5-33.9).

CONCLUSIONS

The risk factors observed for hypersentivity to honey-bee venom in beekeepers were: atopic family history, less than 10 years of exposure and less than 4 stings per month. As probable protective factors we found the exposure for over 20 years and persons older than 50 years of age.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Servicio de Alergia e Inmunología Clínica, UMAE Hospital de Especialidades Dr Antonio Fraga Mouret, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, IMSS, México, D.F. mbecer5@gmail.com.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

24274604

Citation

Becerril-Ángeles, Martín, et al. "[Risk Factors for Allergy to Honey-bee Venom in Mexican Beekeepers]." Revista Alergia Mexico (Tecamachalco, Puebla, Mexico : 1993), vol. 60, no. 3, 2013, pp. 100-4.
Becerril-Ángeles M, Núñez-Velázquez M, Grupo del Programa de Control de la Abeja Africanizada, SAGARPA. [Risk factors for allergy to honey-bee venom in Mexican beekeepers]. Rev Alerg Mex. 2013;60(3):100-4.
Becerril-Ángeles, M., & Núñez-Velázquez, M. (2013). [Risk factors for allergy to honey-bee venom in Mexican beekeepers]. Revista Alergia Mexico (Tecamachalco, Puebla, Mexico : 1993), 60(3), pp. 100-4.
Becerril-Ángeles M, Núñez-Velázquez M, Grupo del Programa de Control de la Abeja Africanizada, SAGARPA. [Risk Factors for Allergy to Honey-bee Venom in Mexican Beekeepers]. Rev Alerg Mex. 2013;60(3):100-4. PubMed PMID: 24274604.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Risk factors for allergy to honey-bee venom in Mexican beekeepers]. AU - Becerril-Ángeles,Martín, AU - Núñez-Velázquez,Marco, AU - ,, PY - 2013/11/27/entrez PY - 2013/11/28/pubmed PY - 2014/7/30/medline SP - 100 EP - 4 JF - Revista alergia Mexico (Tecamachalco, Puebla, Mexico : 1993) JO - Rev Alerg Mex VL - 60 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Allergy to Hymenoptera venom has a low prevalence in the general population, but in beekeepers could be as high as 42%. The exposure to bee sting confers an occupational allergic risk to beekeepers, causing them sensitization during the first years, which if continues for a long time may induce immune tolerance. OBJECTIVE: To know some risk factors of allergic reactions to honey-bee stings in a sample of beekeepers through a self-applied questionnaire. METHODS: A self-applied questionnaire was performed by beekeepers from the whole country, with questions about age, sex, time of beekeeping activities, average number of stings per month and types of post-sting reactions. The relative risk and the odds ratio were calculated for some risk factors. RESULTS: A total of 1541 questionnaires were completed. The average age was 37 years. There were 1289 (84%) men and 252 women. The average time of exposure to honey-bee sting was 7.2 years, and the number of stings per month averaged 33. There was atopic family history in 14.5% of the beekeepers, and 20% of them had personal atopy. In 125 (8%) beekeepers there were local allergic reactions and in 32 (2%) there were systemic allergic reactions. The relative risk for allergy to honey-bee venom in whom had atopic family history was 3.9 (CI 1.7-9.2), in those with less than 4 stings per month was 3.2 (CI 1.12-9.33), in those with more than 20 years exposure was 0.97 (CI 0.95-0.98) and for those over 50 years of age was 0.32 (CI 0.1-0.8). Beekeepers with less than 10 years of exposure had OR of 4.33 (CI 0.5-33.9). CONCLUSIONS: The risk factors observed for hypersentivity to honey-bee venom in beekeepers were: atopic family history, less than 10 years of exposure and less than 4 stings per month. As probable protective factors we found the exposure for over 20 years and persons older than 50 years of age. SN - 0002-5151 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24274604/[Risk_factors_for_allergy_to_honey_bee_venom_in_Mexican_beekeepers]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/allergy.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -