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The sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong on physiological health for COPD patients: a randomized controlled trial.
Complement Ther Med. 2013 Dec; 21(6):585-94.CT

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong in improving the physiological health for COPD patients at sixth month.

DESIGN

A randomized controlled trial. Subjects were in three randomly assigned groups: Tai chi Qigong group, exercise group, and control group.

SETTING

The 206 subjects were recruited from five general outpatient clinics.

INTERVENTIONS

Tai chi Qigong group completed a 3-month Tai chi Qigong program. Exercise group practiced breathing and walking as an exercise. Control group received usual care.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Primary outcomes included six-minute walking distance and lung functions. Secondary outcomes were dyspnea and fatigue levels, number of exacerbations and hospital admissions.

RESULTS

Tai chi Qigong group showed a steady improvement in exercise capacity (P<.001) from baseline to the sixth month. The mean walking distance increased from 298 to 349 meters (+17%). No significant changes were noted in the other two groups. Tai chi Qigong group also showed improvement in lung functions (P<.001). Mean forced expiratory volume in 1s increased from .89 to .99l (+11%). No significant change was noted in the exercise group. Deterioration was found in the control group, with mean volume decreased from .89 to .84l (-5.67%). Significant decreased in the number of exacerbations was observed in the Tai chi Qigong group. No changes in dyspnea and fatigue levels were noted among the three groups.

CONCLUSIONS

Tai chi Qigong has sustaining effects in improving the physiological health and is a useful and appropriate exercise for COPD patients.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. Electronic address: aileenchan@cuhk.edu.hk.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

24280465

Citation

Chan, Aileen W K., et al. "The Sustaining Effects of Tai Chi Qigong On Physiological Health for COPD Patients: a Randomized Controlled Trial." Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 21, no. 6, 2013, pp. 585-94.
Chan AW, Lee A, Lee DT, et al. The sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong on physiological health for COPD patients: a randomized controlled trial. Complement Ther Med. 2013;21(6):585-94.
Chan, A. W., Lee, A., Lee, D. T., Suen, L. K., Tam, W. W., Chair, S. Y., & Griffiths, P. (2013). The sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong on physiological health for COPD patients: a randomized controlled trial. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 21(6), 585-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2013.09.008
Chan AW, et al. The Sustaining Effects of Tai Chi Qigong On Physiological Health for COPD Patients: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Complement Ther Med. 2013;21(6):585-94. PubMed PMID: 24280465.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong on physiological health for COPD patients: a randomized controlled trial. AU - Chan,Aileen W K, AU - Lee,Albert, AU - Lee,Diana T F, AU - Suen,Lorna K P, AU - Tam,Wilson W S, AU - Chair,S Y, AU - Griffiths,Peter, Y1 - 2013/10/08/ PY - 2013/03/20/received PY - 2013/08/28/revised PY - 2013/09/27/accepted PY - 2013/11/28/entrez PY - 2013/11/28/pubmed PY - 2014/7/16/medline KW - COPD KW - Exercise tolerance KW - Lung functions KW - Six-minute walk test KW - Tai chi Qigong SP - 585 EP - 94 JF - Complementary therapies in medicine JO - Complement Ther Med VL - 21 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the sustaining effects of Tai chi Qigong in improving the physiological health for COPD patients at sixth month. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. Subjects were in three randomly assigned groups: Tai chi Qigong group, exercise group, and control group. SETTING: The 206 subjects were recruited from five general outpatient clinics. INTERVENTIONS: Tai chi Qigong group completed a 3-month Tai chi Qigong program. Exercise group practiced breathing and walking as an exercise. Control group received usual care. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes included six-minute walking distance and lung functions. Secondary outcomes were dyspnea and fatigue levels, number of exacerbations and hospital admissions. RESULTS: Tai chi Qigong group showed a steady improvement in exercise capacity (P<.001) from baseline to the sixth month. The mean walking distance increased from 298 to 349 meters (+17%). No significant changes were noted in the other two groups. Tai chi Qigong group also showed improvement in lung functions (P<.001). Mean forced expiratory volume in 1s increased from .89 to .99l (+11%). No significant change was noted in the exercise group. Deterioration was found in the control group, with mean volume decreased from .89 to .84l (-5.67%). Significant decreased in the number of exacerbations was observed in the Tai chi Qigong group. No changes in dyspnea and fatigue levels were noted among the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Tai chi Qigong has sustaining effects in improving the physiological health and is a useful and appropriate exercise for COPD patients. SN - 1873-6963 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/24280465/The_sustaining_effects_of_Tai_chi_Qigong_on_physiological_health_for_COPD_patients:_a_randomized_controlled_trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0965-2299(13)00166-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -